The global waste to energy market was valued at $32,567 million in 2016, and is projected to reach at $54,179 million by 2023, growing at a CAGR of 7.6% from 2017 to 2023. Waste-to-energy also abbreviated as WtE or energy-from-waste EfW is a process of energy recovery and the technique of generating energy in the form of heat or electricity from the primary treatment of waste. Most of the WtE processes produce heat or electricity directly through thermal combustion, or generate a combustible fuel commodity including methanol, methane, synthetic fuels, or ethanol. Research Beam Model: Research Beam Product ID: 1671203 5370 USD New
Waste to Energy Market by Technology | WtE Industry Analysis

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Waste to Energy Market by Technology (Thermal and Biological) - Global Opportunity Analysis and Industry Forecast, 2017-2023

 
 
 

The global waste to energy market was valued at $32,567 million in 2016, and is projected to reach at $54,179 million by 2023, growing at a CAGR of 7.6% from 2017 to 2023. Waste-to-energy also abbreviated as WtE or energy-from-waste EfW is a process of energy recovery and the technique of generating energy in the form of heat or electricity from the primary treatment of waste. Most of the WtE processes produce heat or electricity directly through thermal combustion, or generate a combustible fuel commodity including methanol, methane, synthetic fuels, or ethanol.

The market has witnessed significant growth opportunities globally, owing to increase in the demand for incineration processes and rise in public WtE expenditure. Moreover, increase in inclination of consumers toward efficient and easy WtE conversion techniques, such as incineration, further boosts the growth for this segment. The gasification segment is expected to register a CAGR of 7.5% during the forecast period. However, rise in concerns related to the environmental hazards associated with the incineration process is expected to affect the overall market growth in the developed and the developing countries. However, investments in R&D activities to ensure reliability in terms of environmental effects are expected to provide opportunities for growth in the future.

The global WtE market is segmented based on technology and geography. On the basis of technology, it is bifurcated into thermal and biological. The thermal segment is further categorized into incineration, pyrolysis, and gasification. The incineration segment is anticipated to register a significant CAGR during the forecast period. Geographically, it is analyzed across North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and LAMEA.

The key players in the global WtE market have adopted various market penetration and growth strategies, such as mergers & acquisitions, with the local and established players. The key players profiled in the report include:

  • Waste Management Inc.
  • Suez Environment S.A.
  • C&G Environmental Protection Holdings
  • Constructions industrielles de la Méditerranée (CNIM)
  • China Everbright International Limited
  • Covanta Energy Corporation
  • Foster Wheeler A.G.
  • Abu Dhabi National Energy Company PJSC
  • Babcock & Wilcox Enterprises, Inc.
  • Veolia Environment.

KEY BENEFITS FOR STAKEHOLDERS

  • The report provides extensive qualitative and quantitative analyses of the current trends and future estimations of the global waste to energy market from 2016 to 2023 to determine the prevailing opportunities.
  • Comprehensive analysis of factors that drive and restrict the growth of the market is provided.
  • Market estimations and forecast of the industry are based on factors impacting the market growth, in terms of value and volume.
  • Competitive intelligence of leading producers and suppliers of WtE assists to understand the competitive scenario globally.
  • The report provides extensive qualitative insights on the significant segments and regions exhibiting favorable market growth.

KEY MARKET SEGMENTS

By Technology

  • Thermal
    • Incineration
    • Pyrolysis
    • Gasification
  • Biological

By Geography

  • North America
    • U.S.
    • Canada
    • Mexico
  • Europe
    • France
    • Germany
    • UK
    • Spain
    • Italy
    • Rest of Europe
  • Asia-Pacific
    • India
    • China
    • Japan
    • Australia
    • Korea
    • Rest of Asia-Pacific
  • LAMEA
    • Brazil
    • Argentina
    • South Africa
    • Rest of LAMEA

The other players in the value chain (profiles not included in the report) include:

  • Wheelabrator
  • Hitachi Zosen
  • Keppel Seghers
  • China Everbright International
  • Xcel Energy
  • Green Conversion Systems
  • Plasco Energy

*The above list of companies is not profiled in the report, and can be added based on client interest.

CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION

1.1. REPORT DESCRIPTION
1.2. KEY BENEFITS
1.3. KEY MARKET SEGMENT
1.4. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

1.4.1. Secondary Research
1.4.2. Primary Research
1.4.3. Analyst Tool & Model

CHAPTER 2. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

2.1. MARKET SNAPSHOT
2.2. CXO PERSPECTIVES

CHAPTER 3. MARKET OVERVIEW

3.1. MARKET DEFINITION AND SCOPE
3.2. KEY FINDINGS

3.2.1. Top Investment Pockets
3.2.2. Top winning strategies

3.3. PORTERS FIVE FORCES ANALYSIS
3.4. MARKET DYNAMICS

3.4.1. Drivers

3.4.1.1. Increasing demand for conventional sources of energy
3.4.1.2. Increase in investments by governments and regulatory bodies

3.4.2. Restraints

3.4.2.1. Undefined regulatory guidelines
3.4.2.2. High initial costs

3.4.3. Opportunity

3.4.3.1. Increasing awareness in Asia Pacific and Latin America

3.4. MARKET SHARE ANALYSIS, 2016 (%)

CHAPTER 4. GLOBAL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, BY TYPE

4.1. INTRODUCTION

4.1.1. Market Size and Forecast

4.2. THERMAL

4.2.1. Key Market Trends, Growth Factors and Opportunities
4.2.2. Market Size and Forecast
4.2.3. Incineration
4.2.4. Pyrolysis
4.2.5. Gasification

4.3. BIOLOGICAL

4.3.1. Key Market Trends, Growth Factors and Opportunities
4.3.2. Market Size and Forecast

CHAPTER 5. GLOBAL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, BY GEOGRAPHY

5.1. INTRODUCTION

5.1.1. Market Size and Forecast

5.2. NORTH AMERICA

5.2.1. Key Market Trends, Growth Factors and Opportunities
5.2.2. Market Size and Forecast
5.2.3. U.S.

5.2.3.1. Market size and forecast, by Type

5.2.4. Canada

5.2.4.1. Market size and forecast, by Type

5.2.5. Mexico

5.2.5.1. Market size and forecast, by Type

5.3. EUROPE

5.3.1. Key Market Trends, Growth Factors and Opportunities
5.3.2. Market Size and Forecast
5.3.3. Germany

5.3.3.1. Market size and forecast, by Type

5.3.4. France

5.3.4.1. Market size and forecast, by Type

5.3.5. UK

5.3.5.1. Market size and forecast, by Type

5.3.6. Spain

5.3.6.1. Market size and forecast, by Type

5.3.7. Italy

5.3.7.1. Market size and forecast, by Type

5.3.8. Rest of Europe

5.3.8.1. Market size and forecast, by Type

5.4. ASIA-PACIFIC

5.4.1. Key Market Trends, Growth Factors and Opportunities
5.4.2. Market Size and Forecast
5.4.3. India

5.4.3.1. Market size and forecast, by Type

5.4.4. China

5.4.4.1. Market size and forecast, by Type

5.4.5. Japan

5.4.5.1. Market size and forecast, by Type

5.4.6. Australia

5.4.6.1. Market size and forecast, by Type

5.4.7. Korea

5.4.7.1. Market size and forecast, by Type

5.4.8. Rest of Asia-Pacific

5.4.8.1. Market size and forecast, by Type

5.5. LAMEA

5.5.1. Key Market Trends, Growth Factors and Opportunities
5.5.2. Market Size and Forecast
5.5.3. Brazil

5.5.3.1. Market size and forecast, by Type

5.5.4. KSA

5.5.4.1. Market size and forecast, by Type

5.5.5. South Africa

5.5.5.1. Market size and forecast, by Type

5.5.6. Rest of LAMEA

5.5.6.1. Market size and forecast, by Type

CHAPTER 6. COMPANY PROFILES

6.1. WASTE MANAGEMENT INC.

6.1.1. Company Overview
6.1.2. Company Snapshot
6.1.3. Operating Business Segments
6.1.4. Business Performance
6.1.5. Key Strategic Moves and Developments

6.2. SUEZ ENVIRONMENT SA

6.2.1. Company Overview
6.2.2. Company Snapshot
6.2.3. Operating Business Segments
6.2.4. Business Performance
6.2.5. Key Strategic Moves and Developments

6.3. C&G ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION HOLDINGS

6.3.1. Company Overview
6.3.2. Company Snapshot
6.3.3. Operating Business Segments
6.3.4. Business Performance
6.3.5. Key Strategic Moves and Developments

6.4. CONSTRUCTIONS INDUSTRIELLES DE LA MDITERRANE (CNIM)

6.4.1. Company Overview
6.4.2. Company Snapshot
6.4.3. Operating Business Segments
6.4.4. Business Performance
6.4.5. Key Strategic Moves and Developments

6.5. CHINA EVERBRIGHT INTERNATIONAL LIMITED

6.5.1. Company Overview
6.5.2. Company Snapshot
6.5.3. Operating Business Segments
6.5.4. Business Performance
6.5.5. Key Strategic Moves and Developments

6.6. COVANTA ENERGY CORPORATION

6.6.1. Company Overview
6.6.2. Company Snapshot
6.6.3. Operating Business Segments
6.6.4. Business Performance
6.6.5. Key Strategic Moves and Developments

6.7. FOSTER WHEELER AG

6.7.1. Company Overview
6.7.2. Company Snapshot
6.7.3. Operating Business Segments
6.7.4. Business Performance
6.7.5. Key Strategic Moves and Developments

6.8. ABU DHABI NATIONAL ENERGY COMPANY PJSC

6.8.1. Company Overview
6.8.2. Company Snapshot
6.8.3. Operating Business Segments
6.8.4. Business Performance
6.8.5. Key Strategic Moves and Developments

6.9. BABCOCK & WILCOX ENTERPRISES, INC.

6.9.1. Company Overview
6.9.2. Company Snapshot
6.9.3. Operating Business Segments
6.9.4. Business Performance
6.9.5. Key Strategic Moves and Developments

6.10. VEOLIA ENVIRONMENT INC.

6.10.1. Company Overview
6.10.2. Company Snapshot
6.10.3. Operating Business Segments
6.10.4. Business Performance
6.10.5. Key Strategic Moves and Developments

List of Tables

TABLE 1. GLOBAL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
TABLE 2. GLOBAL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VOLUME, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 (GIGAWATTS)
TABLE 3. GLOBAL THERMAL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, BY REGION, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
TABLE 4. GLOBAL THERMAL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VOLUME, BY REGION, 2016-2023 (GIGAWATTS)
TABLE 5. GLOBAL BIOLOGICAL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, BY REGION, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
TABLE 6. GLOBAL BIOLOGICAL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VOLUME, BY REGION, 2016-2023 (GIGAWATTS)
TABLE 7. GLOBAL PYROLYSIS WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, BY REGION, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
TABLE 8. GLOBAL PYROLYSIS WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VOLUME, BY REGION, 2016-2023 (GIGAWATTS)
TABLE 9. GLOBAL INCINERATION WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, BY REGION, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
TABLE 10. GLOBAL INCINERATION WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VOLUME, BY REGION, 2016-2023 (GIGAWATTS)
TABLE 11. GLOBAL GASIFICATION WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, BY REGION, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
TABLE 12. GLOBAL GASIFICATION WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VOLUME, BY REGION, 2016-2023 (GIGAWATTS)
TABLE 13. GLOBAL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, BY REGION, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
TABLE 14. GLOBAL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VOLUME, BY REGION, 2016-2023 (GIGAWATTS)
TABLE 15. NORTH AMERICA WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
TABLE 16. NORTH AMERICA WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VOLUME, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 (GIGAWATTS)
TABLE 17. NORTH AMERICA WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, BY COUNTRY, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
TABLE 18. NORTH AMERICA WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VOLUME, BY COUNTRY, 2016-2023 (GIGAWATTS)
TABLE 19. U.S. WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
TABLE 20. U.S. WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VOLUME, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 (GIGAWATTS)
TABLE 21. CANADA WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
TABLE 22. CANADA WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VOLUME, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 (GIGAWATTS)
TABLE 23. MEXICO WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
TABLE 24. MEXICO WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VOLUME, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 (GIGAWATTS)
TABLE 25. EUROPE WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
TABLE 26. EUROPE WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VOLUME, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 (GIGAWATTS)
TABLE 27. EUROPE WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, BY COUNTRY, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
TABLE 28. EUROPE WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VOLUME, BY COUNTRY, 2016-2023 (GIGAWATTS)
TABLE 29. FRANCE WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
TABLE 30. FRANCE WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VOLUME, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 (GIGAWATTS)
TABLE 31. GERMANY WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
TABLE 32. GERMANY WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VOLUME, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 (GIGAWATTS)
TABLE 33. UK WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
TABLE 34. UK WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VOLUME, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 (GIGAWATTS)
TABLE 35. SPAIN WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
TABLE 36. SPAIN WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VOLUME, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 (GIGAWATTS)
TABLE 37. ITALY WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
TABLE 38. ITALY WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VOLUME, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 (GIGAWATTS)
TABLE 39. REST OF EUROPE WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
TABLE 40. REST OF EUROPE WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VOLUME, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 (GIGAWATTS)
TABLE 41. ASIA-PACIFIC WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
TABLE 42. ASIA-PACIFIC WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VOLUME, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 (GIGAWATTS)
TABLE 43. ASIA-PACIFIC WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, BY COUNTRY, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
TABLE 44. ASIA-PACIFIC WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VOLUME, BY COUNTRY, 2016-2023 (GIGAWATTS)
TABLE 45. INDIA WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
TABLE 46. INDIA WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VOLUME, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 (GIGAWATTS)
TABLE 47. CHINA WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
TABLE 48. CHINA WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VOLUME, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 (GIGAWATTS)
TABLE 49. JAPAN WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
TABLE 50. JAPAN WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VOLUME, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 (GIGAWATTS)
TABLE 51. KOREA WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
TABLE 52. KOREA WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VOLUME, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 (GIGAWATTS)
TABLE 53. AUSTRALIA WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
TABLE 54. AUSTRALIA WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VOLUME, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 (GIGAWATTS)
TABLE 55. REST OF ASIA-PACIFIC WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
TABLE 56. REST OF ASIA-PACIFIC WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VOLUME, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 (GIGAWATTS)
TABLE 57. LAMEA WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
TABLE 58. LAMEA WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VOLUME, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 (GIGAWATTS)
TABLE 59. LAMEA WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, BY COUNTRY, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
TABLE 60. LAMEA WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VOLUME, BY COUNTRY, 2016-2023 (GIGAWATTS)
TABLE 61. BRAZIL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
TABLE 62. BRAZIL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VOLUME, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 (GIGAWATTS)
TABLE 63. KSA WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
TABLE 64. KSA WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VOLUME, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 (GIGAWATTS)
TABLE 65. SOUTH AFRICA WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
TABLE 66. SOUTH AFRICA WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VOLUME, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 (GIGAWATTS)
TABLE 67. REST OF LAMEA WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
TABLE 68. REST OF LAMEA WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VOLUME, BY TYPE, 2016-2023 (GIGAWATTS)
TABLE 69. WASTE MANAGEMENT INC.: COMPANY SNAPSHOT
TABLE 70. WASTE MANAGEMENT INC.: OPERATING SEGMENTS
TABLE 71. SUEZ ENVIRONMENT SA: COMPANY SNAPSHOT
TABLE 72. SUEZ ENVIRONMENT SA: OPERATING SEGMENTS
TABLE 73. C&G ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION HOLDINGS: COMPANY SNAPSHOT
TABLE 74. C&G ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION HOLDINGS: OPERATING SEGMENTS
TABLE 75. CONSTRUCTIONS INDUSTRIELLES DE LA MDITERRANE (CNIM): COMPANY SNAPSHOT
TABLE 76. CONSTRUCTIONS INDUSTRIELLES DE LA MDITERRANE (CNIM): OPERATING SEGMENTS
TABLE 77. CHINA EVERBRIGHT INTERNATIONAL LIMITED: COMPANY SNAPSHOT
TABLE 78. CHINA EVERBRIGHT INTERNATIONAL LIMITED: OPERATING SEGMENTS
TABLE 79. COVANTA ENERGY CORPORATION: COMPANY SNAPSHOT
TABLE 80. COVANTA ENERGY CORPORATION: OPERATING SEGMENTS
TABLE 81. FOSTER WHEELER AG: COMPANY SNAPSHOT
TABLE 82. FOSTER WHEELER AG: OPERATING SEGMENTS
TABLE 83. ABU DHABI NATIONAL ENERGY COMPANY PJSC: COMPANY SNAPSHOT
TABLE 84. ABU DHABI NATIONAL ENERGY COMPANY PJSC: OPERATING SEGMENTS
TABLE 85. BABCOCK & WILCOX ENTERPRISES, INC.: COMPANY SNAPSHOT
TABLE 86. BABCOCK & WILCOX ENTERPRISES, INC.: OPERATING SEGMENTS
TABLE 87. VEOLIA ENVIRONMENT INC.: COMPANY SNAPSHOT
TABLE 88. VEOLIA ENVIRONMENT INC.: OPERATING SEGMENTS

List of Figures

FIGURE 1. GLOBAL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET: SEGMENTATION
FIGURE 2. GLOBAL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET SHARE, BY TYPE, 2016 (%)
FIGURE 3. TOP INVESTMENT POCKETS, BY TYPE
FIGURE 4. TOP WINNING STRATEGIES
FIGURE 5. BARGAINING POWER OF SUPPLIERS
FIGURE 6. BARGAINING POWER OF BUYERS
FIGURE 7. THREAT OF NEW ENTRANTS
FIGURE 8. THREAT OF SUBSTITUTES
FIGURE 9. COMPETITIVE RIVALRY
FIGURE 10. U.S. WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
FIGURE 11. CANADA WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
FIGURE 12. MEXICO WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
FIGURE 13. FRANCE WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
FIGURE 14. GERMANY WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
FIGURE 15. UK WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
FIGURE 16. SPAIN WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
FIGURE 17. ITALY WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
FIGURE 18. REST OF EUROPE WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
FIGURE 19. INDIA WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
FIGURE 20. CHINA WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
FIGURE 21. JAPAN WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
FIGURE 22. KOREA WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
FIGURE 23. AUSTRALIA WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
FIGURE 24. REST OF ASIA-PACIFIC WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
FIGURE 25. BRAZIL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
FIGURE 26. KSA WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
FIGURE 27. SOUTH AFRICA WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)
FIGURE 28. REST OF LAMEA WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET VALUE, 2016-2023 ($MILLION)