Low Iron Glass: Market Shares, Strategies, and Forecasts, Worldwide, 2015 to 2021

Low Iron Glass: Market Shares, Strategies, and Forecasts, Worldwide, 2015 to 2021

Category : Energy and Power
Published On : March  2015
Pages : 642



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Product Synopsis

WinterGreen Research announces that it has published a new study Low Iron Solar Glass:  Market Shares, Strategy, and Forecasts, Worldwide, 2015 to 2021.  The 2015 study has 642 pages, 356 tables and figures.  Worldwide markets for Low Iron Glass are growing as Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) takes off as a way to generate electricity.  Rapid adoption of CSP worldwide is occurring as systems provide 24 hour per day power efficiently. 

Low iron glass decorative and architectural markets are poised to achieve significant growth based on an expectation of declining prices for the low iron glass due to economies of scale. 

As soon as a new market has 100 paying reference accounts, it becomes a viable market.  CSP solar systems have reached that market inflection point and will exceeded it in 2015. 

Growth potential of the CSP sector is strong, part of the solar growth that is poised to make solar energy represent 90% of the world’s energy production within 25 years.  Just as smart phones grew rapidly once the price points were affordable and the economies of scale large enough to drive down prices for the markets to achieve significant growth, so also solar markets will take off.  CSP has a strong ability to reduce the cost of electricity produced.  Compound annual growth rates are expected to be made meaningless by penetration analysis when the markets grow rapidly.

There are no hindrances to CSP growth except technology and the new nanotechnologies make solar processes possible.  The materials are simple, silica, silica, and more silica.  With solar energy available to support the CSP low iron glass and the CSP module manufacturing processes, the markets will grow at compound rates.

Costs of electricity from CSP plants at US $ 0.15-0.24/kWh will decline to $.03 and lower by 2017 as the effect of the 35 year life span of the plant is factored into cost analysis.  Once the plant is built very little labor is necessary, there are no ongoing fuel costs.  This is a compelling economic story.

By 2021, expectations are that CSP capital costs will decline even further by between 30% and 50%.  New technology will make plant operations even more efficient by that time.

According to Susan Eustis, the lead author of the team that created the study, “Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) depends on low iron glass because the low iron glass is clear and creates increased efficiency in the capture of solar power.  Low ion glass is proving to be of value because it drives the market for CSP.  CSP has been further proven in newly operational installations, including Ivanpah.”

Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) has moved from the trial stage to the early adopter stage.  Low iron glass CSP represents 3% of the world glass production. Markets at $510 million in 2014 are expected to reach $4.7 billion by 2021.   Growth is expected to achieve 15% of total low iron glass at glass production in 2021, i.e. the same level as all automotive glass.

WinterGreen Research is positioned to help customers face challenges that define the modern enterprises. The increasingly global nature of science, technology and engineering is a reflection of the implementation of the globally integrated enterprise.  Customers trust WinterGreen Research to work alongside them to ensure the success of the participation in a particular market segment.

WinterGreen Research supports various market segment programs; provides trusted technical services to the marketing departments.  It carries out accurate market share and forecast analysis services for a range of commercial and government customers globally.  These are all vital market research support solutions requiring trust and integrity.

WinterGreen Research is an independent research organization funded by the sale of market research studies all over the world and by the implementation of ROI models that are used to calculate the total cost of ownership of equipment, services, and software. The company has 35 distributors worldwide, including Global Information Info Shop, Market Research.com, Research and Markets, Bloomberg, electronics.ca, and Thompson Financial.  WinterGreen Research is positioned to help customers facing challenges that define the modern enterprises.

The increasingly global nature of science, technology and engineering is a reflection of the implementation of the globally integrated enterprise.  Customers trust wintergreen research to work alongside them to ensure the success of the participation in a particular market segment.

WinterGreen Research supports various market segment programs; provides trusted technical services to the marketing departments.  It carries out accurate market share and forecast analysis services for a range of commercial and government customers globally. These are all vital market research support solutions requiring trust and integrity.

Companies Profiled

Market Leaders

Rioglass
Guardian 
Schott - Receivers
ACWA Holding / SUN & LIFE / Flabeg 
eSolar

Market Participants

Almeco Solar
China Glass Holdings
Dubai Investments PJSC
Guangdong Golden Glass
Technologies
Guangfeng Solarglass (Hong
Kong)
Gujarat Borosil Ltd. (GBL)
Hangzhou AMD PV Glass 
Hecker Glastechnik
Interfloat
Jinjing Group
Nippon Sheet Glass NSG Group
Oerlikon Solar
Pilkington
ReflecTech
Saint Gobain Solar SG
Sener 
Shandong Glass Group
Siemens Concentrated Solar
Power, Ltd
Şişecam Group
SunRun and U.S. Bancorp
Tata BP Solar
Succeed Glass Co., Ltd / Henan
Succeed New Energy
Sunarc Technology

Key Topics

Low Iron Glass
Concentrating Solar Power
(CSP)
Nano Silver Coating
Mirror Durability
Reflectivity
Polyvinyl butyral (PVB)
Silver Coatings
CSP Low Iron Solar Glass
Clear Float Glass
Mirror Quality on Plant
Performance
Ivanpah
Receiver Mirrors
Heliostats
Low Iron Silica
Low-Iron Float Lines
Low Iron Silica Removal
Processes
Float Glass Cost Structure
50 MW CSP Plant
Sensors Based On Magnetic
Materials
Economies of Scale
Powering Current Sensors

LOW IRON SOLAR GLASS CONCENTRATED SOLAR POWER (CSP) EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 35

Low Iron Solar Glass Market Driving Forces 35

Low Iron Glass Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Market Driving Forces 36

Increasing Installed Base At The Forefront Of Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Market Shifts 38

Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Key Growth Factor in Low Iron Glass Market 39

Low Iron Glass Used for CSP 39

Low Iron Glass Market Shares 40

CSP Low Iron Glass Market Shares 40

Low Iron Solar Glass Market Forecasts 42

Guardian UltraWhite Low-Iron Decorative Glass 44



1. LOW IRON SOLAR GLASS MARKET DESCRIPTION AND MARKET DYNAMICS 46

1.1 Low Iron CSP Solar Glass 46

1.1.1 Glass and Mirrors in Concentrated Solar Power Systems 47

1.2 Decorative Low Iron Glass 48

1.2.1 Architectural Low Iron Glass 49

1.2.2 Low-Iron Glass Successful At Transmitting Light And Decreasing Reflections 52

1.3 Low Iron Glass Coatings 54

1.3.1 Solar Control Glazing 55

1.4 Parabolic Trough Technology 57

1.4.1 Concentrated Solar Power – Clean, Predictable Electricity Generation 24x7 58

1.4.2 Parabolic Trough Power Plants 59

1.5 Low Iron Containing Materials for Glass 60

1.5.1 Clear Float Glass And Low Iron Glass 62

1.5.2 Performance Comparison – Clear Float Glass Versus Low Iron Glass 62

1.6 Low Iron Glass Yields 62

1.6.1 Influence of Mirror Quality on Plant Performance and Revenues 64

1.6.2 Glare Performance Anti-Soiling Coatings 66

1.7 CSP Low-Iron Solar Glass Creates Green Energy 69

1.8 Photovoltaics: 70

1.9 Performance Comparison – Clear Float Glass Versus Low Iron Glass 75

1.9.1 Clear Float and Low Iron Glass 76



2. LOW IRON SOLAR GLASS MARKET SHARES AND MARKET FORECASTS 78

2.1 Low Iron Solar Glass Market Driving Forces 78

2.1.1 Low Iron Glass Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Market Driving Forces 79

2.1.2 Increasing Installed Base At The Forefront Of Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Market Shifts 81

2.1.3 Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Key Growth Factor in Low Iron Glass Market 82

2.1.4 Low Iron Glass Used for CSP 82

2.1.5 Low Iron Float Glass And Mirror Industry 83

2.1.6 CSP Parabolic Mirror Forming 85

2.1.7 Receiver Mirrors 85

2.1.8 Decorative Low Iron Glass 86

2.1.9 Automotive Low Iron Glass 86

2.2 Low Iron Glass Market Shares 87

2.2.1 CSP Low Iron Glass Market Shares 87

2.2.2 Primary Suppliers Of Low Iron Float Glass 90

2.2.3 Rioglass Solar 91

2.2.4 Guardian Heat-Treated Glass 92

2.2.5 Schott Solar CSP 95

2.2.6 Schott Response To The Low Iron Glass CSP Market Challenge 97

2.2.7 ACWA Holding / SUN & LIFE / Flabeg 99

2.2.8 Bankrupt Flabeg Value: Installed Base 99

2.2.9 Flabeg Solar US Assets Auctioned December, 17, 2013 105

2.2.10 Nippon Sheet Glass Thin Film Photovoltaic Modules 106

2.2.11 Nippon Sheet Glass Pilkington Crystalline Silicon PV 106

2.2.12 Nippon Sheet Glass Pilkington NSG TEC™ - TCO 107

2.2.13 Rio Glass Glass Vendors Emerging As Experienced And Innovative Solar Energy Partners 107

2.2.14 Solar Panel Low Iron Glass 108

2.2.15 Decorative, Architectural, and Automotive Low Iron Glass Market Shares 108

2.2.16 Guardian UltraWhite Low-Iron Decorative Glass 110

2.2.17 Guardian Low Iron Glass Applications 112

2.3 Low Iron Solar Glass Market Forecasts By Sector: CSP, Solar Panel, Architectural, and Automotive 112

2.3.1 Low Iron Solar Glass Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) Market Forecasts 116

2.3.2 CSP Installed Capacity 121

2.3.3 Demand for Low-Iron Float Glass 124

2.3.4 Decorative and Architectural Low Iron Glass Market Forecasts 126

2.3.5 Guardian UltraWhite Low-Iron Decorative Glass 127

2.4 Grid Parity 129

2.5 CSP Low Iron Glass Manufacturing Process 131

2.5.1 The Cost Of Production (Raw Materials Breakdown) 132

2.5.2 Technology Of Sheet Low Iron Glass 135

2.5.3 Heliostats 135

2.5.4 Low Iron Silica Quality 136

2.5.5 Sources For Low Iron Sand 136

2.5.6 Solar Low Iron Glass Segment Companies 138

2.6 Number of Float Glass Lines 141

2.6.1 Low-Iron Float Lines Globally / Ownership 142

2.6.2 Nippon Sheet Glass Co., Ltd NSG Capacity 143

2.6.3 Low Iron Glass Company Summary by Country 152

2.7 Low Iron Glass Manufacturing 161

2.7.1 Low Iron Removal Processes From Silica 161

2.7.2 Other Glass Raw Materials / Supply of the Low Iron Materials 162

2.7.3 Float Glass Cost Structure 162

2.7.4 Low Iron Glass Cost Reduction Through Localization 164

2.8 Low Iron Float Glass In China (Energy Implications, Raw Materials Implications) 165

2.8.1 Guangdong Golden Glass Technologies Ltd 168

2.8.2 Guangfeng Solarglass (Hong Kong) 168

2.8.3 Shandong Glass Group Jinjing Group Advanced Equipment 169

2.9 Low Iron Solar Glass Market Growth 169

2.9.1 50 MW CSP Plant 171

2.9.2 Construction Costs of 50 MW CSP Plant 171

2.9.3 Construction Costs of a 100 MW CSP Plant 179

2.9.4 Mirrors 180

2.9.5 Nano Silver Coating 184

2.10 Solar Low Iron Glass Market Characteristics Factors 187

2.10.1 Low Iron Glass Product Differentiation 193

2.10.2 Outlook for Solar Electricity 193

2.10.3 Low Iron Glass Product Differentiation 199

2.10.4 Outlook for Solar Electricity 199

2.11 CSP Solar Market Installed Capacity 200

2.11.1 Concentrating Solar Power Projects by Project Name 201

2.11.2 Parabolic Trough Projects 205

2.11.3 Linear Fresnel Reflector Projects 209

2.11.4 Power Tower Projects 210

2.11.5 Dish/Engine Projects 211

2.11.6 Concentrating Solar Power Projects by Project Country 213

2.11.7 Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Projects in the United States and By Country 214

2.11.8 List of Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) Installations 225

2.11.9 CSP Number of HelioStats 231

2.11.10 Parabolic Trough Projects, General Contractor, Supplier, Glass, Turbine 234

2.12 CSP Glass ROI 249

2.12.1 ACWA Holding / Sun & Life / Flabeg ROI for Annealed Solar Mirrors 251

2.13 Concentrated Solar Thermal - Segment 253

2.14 Low Iron Glass Price Trends 253

2.14.1 Reflectech Rolled Mirror Film Pricing 260

2.14.2 Cell Efficiency Improvements 261

2.14.3 Grid Parity 261

2.14.4 Impact of Oil Price on Solar Industry 262

2.14.5 Glass Manufacturer Infrastructure 262

2.14.6 The Need for Low Iron Glass 263

2.15 Decorative Low Iron Glass Prices 263

2.16 Low Iron Glass Regional Analysis 265

2.16.1 Middle East Dominates Low Iron Galss Markets by 2021 266

2.16.2 Low Iron Glass Middle East Market Segment 268

2.16.3 Egypt 271

2.16.4 Dubai 271



3. LOW IRON SOLAR GLASS) PRODUCT DESCRIPTION 272

3.1 Glass for Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) 272

3.2 Schott 273

3.2.1 Schott is the Leading Solar Receiver 273

3.2.2 Schott Receivers Manufacturing Improvement 276

3.2.3 Schott Receivers Specialized Part Of CSP Solar Field 278

3.2.4 Schott Solar Concentrated Power Parabolic Trough Technology Receivers 278

3.2.5 Schott PTR® 70 Receiver Platform 279

3.2.6 Schott PTR® 70 Minimization Of Heat Conduction Losses 283

3.2.7 Schott Solar Receiver Compact Bellow Design 283

3.3 Guardian PV Laminated Mirrors 288

3.3.1 Guardian Durable Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Mirrors 295

3.3.2 Guardian Sun-Tracking Mirrors Controlled Manufacturing Process 296

3.3.3 Guardian Sun-Tracking Mirrors Testing Results 297

3.3.4 Guardian Durable Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Mirror Testing 298

3.3.5 Guardian Durable Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Mirror Outdoor Exposure Testing 301

3.3.6 Guardian Durable Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Mirror Wind tunnel testing 302

3.3.7 Guardian EcoGuard 303

3.3.8 Guardian UltraWhite Low-Iron Glass 304

3.3.9 Guardian Float Glass 304

3.3.10 Guardian Heavy Float Glass 305

3.3.11 Guardian EcoGuard® Solar 305

3.3.12 Guardian Solar Glass Positioning 310

3.3.13 Guardian UltraWhite Low-Iron Decorative Glass 311

3.3.14 Guardian Low Iron Glass in Transportation and Automotive Markets 316

3.4 ACWA Holding / SUN & LIFE / Flabeg 316

3.4.1 Flabeg Parabolic Mirrors 318

3.4.2 Flabeg Solar Mirrors 330

3.4.3 Flabeg Parabolic Trough 330

3.4.4 Flabeg Parabolic Mirrors for Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) 330

3.4.5 Flabeg Testing and Durability of Mirror Coating System 333

3.4.6 Flabeg Flat Mirrors for Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) 338

3.5 Emirates Float Glass 342

3.5.1 Emirates Float Glass Technical Data 343

3.5.2 Emirates Float Glass and Mirrors in Concentrated Solar Power Systems 346

3.6 RIO Glass 347

3.6.1 Rio Glass Production Process 350

3.6.2 Rio Glass Nano Silver Coatings 351

3.6.3 Rio Glass CSP Operational Advantages 353

3.6.4 Rio Solar Glass Edge Protection 354

3.6.5 Rio Solar Glass Deflectrometry Analysis 359

3.6.6 Rio Glass Solar Mirror Reflectance 361

3.6.7 Rio Glass CSP Shot Testing Measurements 362

3.6.8 Rio Glass CSP Ball Drop Testing Measurements 366

3.6.9 Rio Glass CSP Variable Temperature Testing Measurements 372

3.6.10 Rio Glass CSP Testing Measurements Conclusions 374

3.6.11 RIO Glass US Manufacturing in Arizona 376

3.7 Guangfeng Solarglass (Hong Kong) Low Iron Glass 377

3.7.1 Guangfeng Solarglass Characteristics 387

3.8 Nippon Sheet Glass / Pilkington Solar Energy Glass 389

3.8.1 Nippon Sheet Glass Thin Film Photovoltaics Modules 390

3.8.2 Nippon Sheet Glass Pilkington Crystalline Silicon PV 392

3.8.3 Nippon Sheet Glass Pilkington Concentrated Solar Power 393

3.8.4 Nippon Sheet Glass Pilkington Solar Thermal Collectors 395

3.8.5 Nippon Sheet Glass Pilkington NSG TEC™ - TCO 397

3.9 Masdar PV supplies 1.5 MWp Thin Film Modules to Indian villages 400

3.9.1 Masdar, Total S.A. and Abengoa Solar Abu Dhabi Solar Power Plant 401

3.10 Hangzhou AMD PV Glass Co Ltd 402

3.11 Ningbo Qixin Solar Electrical Appliance Co. Ltd 403

3.12 Borosil Glass Works 403

3.13 Yichang CSG Polysilicon Material Co., Ltd. 404

3.14 Dongguan CSG Solar Glass Co., Ltd. 404

3.14.1 Dongguan CSG Low Iron Solar Glass Anti-reflective Coating 409

3.14.2 China Glass Solar Glass & Mirrors 411

3.14.3 China Glass Solar Glass 411

3.15 Egi MJG Launches Float Glass Manufacturing Plant In Nigeria 412

3.15.1 Egi MJG Float Glass 413

3.16 fSolar 413

3.16.1 Low-Iron Solar Glass From F | Solar Is Used In High-Efficiency Photovoltaics Modules And Solar Collectors 417

3.16.2 Solar Combined Heat And Power: 418

3.17 Asahi Glass Co. 418

3.17.1 Asahi Glass substrates for compound semiconductor solar module 420

3.17.2 Asahi Reflective (Mirror) Substrates For Concentrating Solar Thermal Power Systems 421

3.17.3 Asahi CSP Mirror 423

3.18 AJJ Glass Ultra-Clear Solar Glass 424

3.19 Phoenica Flat Glass Industries CSP – Solargy 425

3.19.1 Phoenica UltraClear – Low Iron Glass 428

3.19.2 Phoenica Laminated UltraClear™ Low Iron Glass 430

3.20 PPG Industries High-Performance Coatings for Solar Components 431

3.20.1 PPG Coraflon ADS 432

3.20.2 PPG Duranar Coatings 432

3.21 Bendheim 440



4. LOW-IRON GLASS TECHNOLOGY 441

4.1 Low-Iron Glass Decorative Shapes 441

4.2 CSP Low Iron Glass Wind Tunnel Testing 451

4.2.1 RioGlass Wind Tunnel Testing 454

4.2.2 CSP Glass Production Processes 458

4.3 Parabolic Mirrors Solar Generation Elements 459

4.3.1 Solar Receiver 460

4.3.2 Key Parameters For The Yield Of A CSP Plant 463

4.4 Ceramic Mounting Pads For Bonding 467

4.5 Energy Reflection 467



5. LOW IRON SOLAR GLASS COMPANY DESCRIPTIONS 468

5.1 ACWA Holding / Sun & Life Acquires FLABEG, CSP Solar Technology 468

5.1.1 ACWA Holding / SUN & LIFE 470

5.1.2 Sun & Life On Acquisition of Flabeg's Solar Division 472

5.1.3 Flabeg QDec Measurement 472

5.1.4 Flabeg Development Partners 475

5.1.5 Flabeg Ultimate Trough Design 477

5.1.6 Flabeg Solar Mirrors 479

5.1.7 Flabeg Holding GmbH / Flabeg Technical Glass / Naugatuck Glass 479

5.1.8 Flabeg Solar US Assets Auctioned December, 17, 2013 481

5.1.9 Sun & Life On Acquisition of Flabeg's Solar Division 483

5.2 AEON Industries Corporation Ltd. Manufacturer - China ] 483

5.3 AJJ Glass 484

5.4 Alanod GmbH & Co KG / Alanod-Solar 485

5.4.1 Alanod-Solar 486

5.4.2 Alanod-Solar Absorption 487

5.4.3 Alanod-Solar Solar Reflection 487

5.4.4 Alanod-Solar Surface Treatment 487

5.4.5 Alanod-Solar Global player 488

5.4.6 Almeco 489

5.4.7 Almeco Solar 489

5.5 Asahi Glass Co. 490

5.5.1 AGC Specialty Glass Adopted for Use by Solar Power Plant 490

5.6 Bendheim 492

5.7 Carvart Architectural Glass 493

5.8 China Glass 493

5.8.1 China Glass Holdings Limited 494

5.8.2 China Southern Glass (Australia)Pty Ltd is a Subsidiary of CSG Holding Co., Ltd. 495

5.8.3 China Glass Holdings Production Base in Suqian, Jiangsua 498

5.8.4 China Glass Holdings Production Base in Weihai, Shandong 499

5.8.5 China Glass Holdings Production Base in Xianyang, Shaanxi 499

5.8.6 China Glass Holdings Production Base in Beijing 499

5.8.7 China Glass Holdings Production Base of Wuhai, Inner Mongolia 500

5.8.8 China Glass Holdings Production base in Nanjing, Jiangsu 500

5.8.9 China Glass Holdings Production base in Taicang, Jiangsu 500

5.8.10 China Glass Holdings Outlook Tied To China’s Twelfth Five Year Plan501

5.8.11 China Glass Holdings Lowers Cost to Manufacture Low Iron Glass 502

5.9 Dubai Investments PJSC 502

5.9.1 Dubai Investments PJSC / Emirates Float Glass 503

5.10 Dulles Glass and Mirror 504

5.11 eSolar 507

5.12 Glass LLC 507

5.13 Guangdong Golden Glass Technologies Ltd 508

5.14 Guangfeng Solarglass (Hong Kong) 508

5.14.1 Guangfeng Solar Glass (Hong Kong) Co., Ltd. 509

5.15 Guardian Industries 509

5.15.1 Guardian Industries Manufactures Glass Using The Float Process 510

5.15.2 Guardian Heat-Treated Glass 511

5.15.3 Guardian Tempered Glass 511

5.15.4 Guardian Industries US Base, Global Growth 512

5.16 Gujarat Borosil Ltd. (GBL) 513

5.16.1 Gujarat Borosil Ltd. (GBL) Low Iron Glass 514

5.17 Hangzhou AMD PV Glass Co Ltd 515

5.18 Hecker Glastechnik 516

5.19 Interfloat 517

5.19.1 GMB Glasmanufaktur Brandenburg GmbH 517

5.19.2 Interfloat / GMB Glasmanufaktur Brandenburg GmbH 518

5.19.3 Interfloat Innovation At The Fore 519

5.19.4 Interfloat / GMB Glasmanufaktur Brandenburg GmbH 520

5.20 Jinjing Group Co Ltd 520

5.20.1 Jinjing group co.,ltd [ Manufacturer - China ] 521

5.21 Nippon / Pilkington 522

5.21.1 Pilkington Clear Float Glass Solutions 524

5.21.2 Pilkington Low-Iron Clear Float Glass Features and Benefits 525

5.21.3 Nippon Sheet Glass Co., Ltd NSG Group 529

5.21.4 Nippon Sheet Glass Revenue 531

5.21.5 Nippon Sheet Glass Solar Energy Products 536

5.21.6 Nippon Sheet Glass NSG Group / Pilkington 537

5.22 Oerlikon Solar 547

5.23 Phoenica Flat Glass Industries 547

5.24 PPG Industries 548

5.25 ReflecTech 549

5.25.1 ReflecTech® Mirror Film 550

5.25.2 ReflecTech® Mirror Film Construction 551

5.25.3 ReflecTech® Mirror Film Applications 552

5.25.4 ReflecTech® Mirror Film Properties 552

5.26 RIO Glass 553

5.26.1 RIO Glass Nano Silver Coating 558

5.27 Saint-Gobain / Saint Gobain Solar 568

5.27.1 Saint-Gobain/ SolarWood Technologies 568

5.27.2 French: SolarWood Technologies Solar Sunlap SG and SG ® Solar 568

5.27.3 Saint Gobain Solar 569

5.27.4 Saint Gobain Solar Photovoltaic Solar Tiles System by Sunlap ® 570

5.27.5 Saint Gobain Solar SG Solar Sunlap ® Embedded System 571

5.27.6 Saint Gobain Solar SG Solar Suneka 571

5.28 Sener 571

5.29 Schott 573

5.29.1 Schott Solar Manufacturing Facility in Albuquerque 576

5.29.2 Schott Revenue 579

5.29.3 Schott Parabolic Recievers 579

5.29.4 Schott Powered Thermal Parabolic Trough Power 580

5.29.5 Schott 581

5.29.6 Schott Electronic Packaging Gmbh 586

5.29.7 Schott AgFlat Glass 589

5.29.8 Schott Technological Competence 591

5.29.9 SCHOTT Solar Global presence 592

5.29.10 SCHOTT Solar Photovoltaics (PV) Business Division 593

5.29.11 SCHOTT Solar 2008 – Hospital Ward In Senegal 595

5.29.12 SCHOTT Light for Tanzania 596

5.29.13 SCHOTT Solar PV and Consolidated Solar Technologies at Moriarty High School 596

5.29.14 SCHOTT Solar Black Frame Modules 597

5.29.15 SCHOTT Solar Top in PV+ test by Solarpraxis and TÜV Rheinland 598

5.30 Shandong Glass Group Jinjing Group Co Ltd 598

5.30.1 Shandong Glass Group Jinjing Group Advanced Equipment 599

5.30.2 Shandong Glass Group Jinjing Group Quality Management 600

5.30.3 Shandong Glass Group Jinjing Grouppowerful Scientific Research Team 601

5.30.4 Shandong Glass Group Jinjing Group Markets 601

5.30.5 Shandong Glass Group Jinjing Groupgoals 602

5.30.6 Shandong Glass Group Driving Development 602

5.31 Siemens Concentrated Solar Power, Ltd 603

5.32 SiSecam Group 604

5.33 SunRun and U.S. Bancorp 609

5.34 Tata BP Solar 610

5.35 Succeed Glass Co., Ltd / Henan Succeed New Energy Material Co 611

5.36 Sunarc Technology A/S 612

5.36.1 Sunarc Technology Low Iron Solar Glass 614

5.36.2 Sunarc Technology Float glass 614

5.36.3 Sunarc Technology Rolled glass 614

5.36.4 Sunarc Technology Tempering 615

5.36.5 Sunarc Technology Glass Suppliers 615

5.37 Targray Solar 615

5.37.1 Targray Crystalline Cell Materials 617

5.37.2 Process vs. Targray Materials - Combined For Results 617

5.37.3 Targray Materials 617

5.37.4 Targray Silver Paste 618

5.37.5 Targray Aluminum Paste 618

5.37.6 Targray Wafers 619

5.38 Trakya Cam Sanayii A.S. 619

5.38.1 Trakya Cam Partners with Saint-Gobain 620

5.39 Trakya Cam 623

5.40 Targray Solar Materials 623

5.41 US Silica 624

5.41.1 US Silica Uses 624

5.41.2 US Silica Operations 625

5.41.3 US Silica Low Iron Sand 625

5.42 Zhejiang Flat Glass Co., Ltd / Shanghai Flat Glass Co Ltd 629

5.43 Other Low Iron Glass Manufacturers 629

5.43.1 AQT Solar 630

5.43.2 Bergamo Acquisition Corporation 630

5.43.3 Centrosolar Group AG 630

IG Solar PVT Ltd 631

Ningbo Qixin Solar Electrical Appliance Co. Ltd 631

Shenzhen Commonpraise Solar Co.,Ltd 631

ShenZhen SuoYang New Energy Co.,LTD 631

5.43.4 Low Iron Glass Country Company Summary 631

5.44 Winners of the Middle East Solar Pioneers Programme – 634



List of Tables



Table ES-1 CSP Solar Market Growth Key Factors Driving Demand 39

Figure ES-2 Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) Low Iron Glass Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2014 41

Figure ES-3 Low Iron Glass Market Forecasts Dollars, Worldwide, 2015-2021 43

Figure ES-4 Guardian UltraWhite Low-Iron Decorative Glass Compared to Standard Glass 44

Figure 1-1 Different Types of Low Iron Solar Glass 46

Figure 1-2 Decorative Low Iron Glass Shapes 48

Figure 1-3 Decorative Low Iron Glass Color 48

Figure 1-4 Arkitectural.com Low Iron Glass for Buildings 49

Figure 1-5 Architectural Low Iron Glass 50

Table 1-6 Arkitectural Decorative Low Iron Glass Benefits 51

Table 1-7 Arkitectural Decorative Low Iron Glass Applications 52

Table 1-8 Low Iron Glass Applications 53

Table 1-9 Low Iron Glass Coatings for Solar Applications 55

Figure 1-10 Glass Types Used for PV Cells 56

Table 1-11 Low Iron Solar Glass Production Issues 57

Figure 1-12 Solar Technologies and Glass Usage 60

Figure 1-13 Glass Segments and Products 61

Figure 1-14 CSP Low Iron Glass Consistently High Plant Yield 63

Figure 1-15 Flabeg CSP Focus Deviation <7mm, Direct Reflectance >94.4% 65

Figure 1-16 Influence of Mirror Quality on Plant Performance and Revenues 66

Table 1-17 Flabeg Dura Glare- Anti-Soiling Solar Glass Coating Testing 67

Figure 1-18 Flabeg Dura Glare- Anti-Soiling Solar Glass Yields 68

Figure 1-19 Transitional Roll Desk Used in Flat Glass Production 70

Figure 1-20 Total Cost of Flat Glass by Segment 73

Figure 1-21 Raw Material Breakdown of Flat Glass 74

Table 1-22 Performance Comparison – Clear Float Glass Versus Low Iron Glass 75

Table 1-23 Benefits Of Using Low Iron Glass Compared To Clear Float Glass 76

Table 2-1 CSP Solar Market Growth Key Factors Driving Demand 82

Table 2-2 CSP Production Aspects 84

Figure 2-3 Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) Low Iron Glass Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2014 88

Table 2-4 Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) Low Iron Glass and Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2014 89

Table 2-5 Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) Low Iron Glass Market Shares, Units and Dollars, Worldwide, 2014 90

Figure 2-6 Guardian PV Laminated Mirrors 93

Figure 2-7 Guardian PV CSP Laminated Mirrors 94

Figure 2-8 Schott Solar Low Iron Glass 95

Table 2-9 Schott Solar CSP Technology Strengths 96

Table 2-10 Schott Solar CSP Technology Challenges 97

Table 2-11 Flabeg ROI Assumptions 100

Figure 2-12 Flabeg Installations in Spain 101

Figure 2-13 Flabeg Installations in US and India 102

Figure 2-14 Flabeg Installations in Abu Dhabi, Australia, and Egypt 103

Figure 2-15 Flabeg Worldwide Installations 104

Figure 2-16 Decorative Architectural and Automotive Low Iron Glass Market Shares, Dollars, 2014 109

Table 2-17 Architectural, Specialty, and Automotive Low Iron Glass Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2014 110

Figure 2-18 Guardian UltraWhite Low-Iron Decorative Glass Compared to Standard Glass 111

Figure 2-19 Low Iron Glass Market Forecasts Dollars, Worldwide, 2015-2021 113

Table 2-20 Low Iron Glass by Sector, CSP, Solar Panel, Architectural, and Automotive, Dollars, Worldwide, 2015-2021 114

Table 2-21 Low Iron Glass by Sector, CSP, Solar Panel, Architectural, and Automotive, Percent, Worldwide, 2015-2021 115

Table 2-22 Low Iron Glass Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Market Forecasts Dollars, Worldwide, 2015-2021 116

Figure 2-23 Low Iron Solar Glass Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) Mirrors and Receivers Market Forecasts Dollars, Worldwide, 2014-2020 118

Table 2-24 Low Iron Solar Glass Markets Dollars, Worldwide, 2014-2020 119

Table 2-25 Low Iron Glass and Receiver Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) Market Segment Forecasts, Worldwide, 2014-2020 121

Table 2-26 Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) Installed Capacity Market Forecasts Worldwide, 2014-2020 123

Figure 2-27 Low Iron Glass Market Decorative and Architectural Forecasts Dollars, Worldwide, 2015-2021 126

Figure 2-28 Guardian UltraWhite Low-Iron Decorative Glass Compared to Standard Glass 127

Figure 2-29 Rio Solar Glass Production Process 134

Table 2-30 Technology Of Nippon Sheet Glass Pilkington NSG TEC Low Iron Glass™ Products 135

Figure 2-31 US Silica Low Iron Sand Mines 137

Table 2-32 Low Iron Solar Glass Market Shares, Tonnes, Worldwide, 2010 139

Table 2-33 Low Iron Solar Glass Installed Capacity, Tonnes, Worldwide, 2010 140

Figure 2-34 Float Lines in The World by Region- 407 142

Figure 2-35 Nippon Sheet Glass Co., Ltd NSG Current and Planned Capacity 144

Table 2-36 PV Solar Glass Production Facilities 146

Figure 2-37 Glass Lines Needed to Support PV Development to 2020 147

Figure 2-38 Glass Production Growth per Segment Until 2015 148

Figure 2-39 Glass Production Cost Structure, 2010 149

Figure 2-40 Cost Structure for 50 MW Plant 150

Table 2-41 Low Iron Glass Company Summary by Country 152

Figure 2-42 Global Flat Glass Producers 156

Figure 2-43 European Float Sheet Capacity by Company 157

Figure 2-44 Low Iron Glass Number of Tanks and Capacity 158

Figure 2-45 Flat Glass Revenue Growth and Averages 159

Figure 2-46 Major Soda Ash Producers by Capacity 160

Table 2-47 Low Iron Silica Cost Reduction Through Localization 164

Figure 2-48 China Allows Media to Report on Air Pollution Crisis 166

Figure 2-49 Components of Solar Trough CSP Plant 170

Table 2-50 Construction Costs of 50 MW CSP Plant 171

Table 2-51 Economic Impact of 50 MW CSP Plant – HIGH (Maximum Local Purchasing) 172

Table 2-52 Economic Impact of 50 MW CSP Plant – LOW (Minimal Local Purchasing) 173

Table 2-53 Annual Operating Costs of 50 MW CSP Plant 174

Table 2-54 Economic Impact of Operating 50 MW CSP Plant 175

Table 2-55 Fiscal Impact of a 50 MW CSP Plant in New Mexico over 30 Years 176

Figure 2-56 Total Value of CSP Plant 178

Table 2-57 Construction Costs of 100 MW CSP Plant 179

Table 2-58 Parabolic-Reflector Power Station Glass Requirements 181

Table 2-59 PV Float Glass Plant Design Constraints 182

Table 2-60 CSP Low Iron Glass Specific Requirements 183

Figure 2-61 Nano Silver Coating 185

Figure 2-62 RioGlass Nano Silver Coating Reflectivity 186

Figure 2-63 Solar Low Iron Glass Market Characteristics Factors 187

Table 2-64 R&D Directions To Optimize Production Of PV Thin Film Solar Glass 187

Table 2-65 R&D Directions To Optimize Control Of PV Thin Film Solar Glass Coatings 188

Table 2-66 Guardian CSP Mirror R&D Successes 189

Table 2-67 R&D Directions To Optimize Glass Properties Of PV Thin Film Solar Glass 190

Table 2-68 Create More Resilient Glass Able To Be Stable For 25 Years 190

Table 2-69 Low Iron Glass Market Driving Factors 191

Table 2-70 Low Iron Glass Market Issues 192

Table 2-71 Parabolic-Reflector Power Station Glass Requirements 194

Table 2-72 PV Float Glass Plant Design Constraints 195

Table 2-73 CSP Low Iron Glass Specific Requirements 196

Table 2-74 CSP Low Iron Glass Market Characteristics Factors 197

Table 2-75 Create More Resilient Glass Able To Be Stable For 25 Years 198

Table 2-76 Concentrating Solar Power Projects by Project Name 201

Table 2-77 Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Projects That Use Parabolic Trough Systems 205

Table 2-78 Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Projects That Use Linear Fresnel Reflector Systems 209

Table 2-79 Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Projects 210

Table 2-80 Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Projects That Use Dish/Engine Systems 212

Table 2-81 Concentrating Solar Power Projects by Project Country 213

Figure 2-83 Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Projects In The United States 214

Table 2- 84 Concentrating solar power (CSP) projects in Chile 216

Table 2- 85 Concentrating solar power (CSP) projects in Mexico 216

Table 2- 86 Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Projects in Algeria 217

Table 2- 87 Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Projects in France 220

Table 2- 88 Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Projects in Egypt 220

Table 2- 89 Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Projects in South Africa 221

Table 2- 90 Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Projects in United Arab Emirates 221

Table 2- 91 Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Projects in India 222

Table 2- 92 Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Projects in China 223

Table 2- 95 Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Projects in Australia. 224

Table 2- 96 List of Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) Installations 225

Table 2-97 Number of HelioStats in Each CSP 231

Table 2-98 Details of Parabolic Trough Projects, General Contractor, Supplier, Glass, Turbine 236

Table 2-99 CSP Installations and Suppliers 241

Figure 2-100 RIO Tempered Glass ROI Analysis 249

Figure 2-101 RioGlass Tempered Glass ROI 250

Figure 2-102 RioGlass 50 MW Plant Tempered Glass ROI 251

Table 2-103 ACWA Holding / Sun & Life / Flabeg ROI for Annealed Solar Mirrors 252

Figure 2-104 Reflectech Pricing 260

Figure 2-105 Shenzhen Sun Global Glass Co., Ltd. Manufacturing 264

Figure 2-106 Low Iron Glass Regional Market Segments, Dollars, 2014 265

Figure 2-107 Low Iron Glass Regional Market Segments, Dollars, 2021 266

Figure 2-108 Low Iron CSP Solar Glass Regional Market Segments, Dollars, 2013 267

Table 2-109 Low Iron CSP Solar Glass Regional Market Segments, 2013 268

Table 2-110 Low Iron Glass Middle East Market Segment, 2021 268

Table 3-1 Low Iron Solar Glass Application Areas for Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) and Concentrated Photovoltaic (CPV) 272

Table 3-2 Schott PTR®70 Receiver Features 273

Figure 3-3 Schott Solar Receivers 275

Figure 3-4 Schott Solar Receiver Manufacturing Excellence Award 276

Figure 3-5 CSP Solar Receiver Group Wide Best Production@SCHOTT Award 277

Figure 3-6 Schott Receivers As Specialized Part Of The Solar Field 278

Figure 3-7 Schott Solar CSP: Receivers 279

Figure 3-8 Schott PTR® 70 Receiver Platform 280

Table 3-9 Schott PTR® 70 Receiver Platform Modules 281

Table 3-10 Schott PTR® 70 Advanced Receiver Features 282

Table 3-11 Schott Solar Receiver Compact Bellow Design Components Specification 285

Table 3-12 Schott Solar Receiver Compact Bellow Design Components Solar, Thermal, and Vacuum Specification 286

Table 3-13 Schott Solar Receiver Design Components 287

Figure 3-14 Guardian PV Laminated Mirrors 288

Figure 3-15 Guardian PV CSP Laminated Mirrors 289

Figure 3-16 Guardian CSP Laminated Broken Mirror Still Works 291

Figure 3-17 Guardian Wind Tunnel Testing of Laminated CSP Mirrors 292

Figure 3-18 Guardian Wind Tunnel Breaking of Laminated CSP Mirrors 293

Figure 3-19 Guardian Durable Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Mirrors 295

Figure 3-20 Emmaqua Test by Atlas at Phoenix, Arizona 296

Table 3-21 Guardian Sun-Tracking Mirrors 297

Table 3-22 Guardian Copper Accelerated Acetic Acid Salt Spray (CASS) Test 298

Mirrors passed 3500 hours of CASS test without any corrosion

Backing glass of this design is hermetic

No possibility for developing corrosion spots through the backing glass

Edges of the silver and copper metal layers are deleted in the design

Enabling of the PVB to adhere directly to the glass at edges

Form a good seal without introducing additional sealer of different type materials.

Table 3-23 Guardian Salt Spray (SS) Test 299

Table 3-24 Guardian Humidity test 299

TABLE 3-24 GUARDIAN HUMIDITY TEST

Mirrors passed 3500 hours of constant humidity test

Without any corrosion

Without delamination.

Table 3-25 Guardian Climate Cycling Test 300

Table 3-26 Guardian UV Test 300

Table 3-27 Guardian Damp Heat Test 300

Table 3-28 Guardian Wind Tunnel Test 301

Table 3-29 Guardian Outdoor Exposure Test3 302

Figure 3-30 Guardian UltraWhite Low-Iron Glass 304

Table 3-31 Guardian EcoGuard® Solar Modules 307

Figure 3-32 Guardian EcoGuard® Solar Modules 308

Figure 3-33 Guardian Parabolic Mirrors 309

Figure 3-34 Guardian Solar Glass Positioning 310

Figure 3-35 Guardian UltraWhite Low-Iron Decorative Glass Compared to Standard Glass 311

Table 3-36 Guardian UltraWhite Low Iron Glass in Laminated Applications 314

Figure 3-37 Guardian Low Iron Glass Performance Data 315

Table 3-38 Flabeg Parabolic Mirrors Features 318

Figure 3-39 Flabeg Mirrors For Parabolic Troughs 319

Figure 3-40 Flabeg Mirrors For Parabolic Troughs Description 320

Figure 3-41 Flabeg Mirrors For Solar Dishes 321

Figure 3-42 Flabeg Mirrors For Towers and Linear Fresnel 322

Figure 3-43 Flabeg Mirrors For Towers and Linear Fresnel Description 323

Figure 3-44 Flabeg Mirrors For Concentrated Solar Photovoltaic 324

Table 3-45 Flabeg Leading Glass Technology Aspects 325

Table 3-46 Flabeg Solar Concentrating Mirror Benefits 326

Table 3-47 Flabeg ROI for Annealed Solar Mirrors 327

Figure 3-48 Flabeg Annealed Solar Mirrors 328

Figure 3-49 Flabeg Annealed Solar Mirrors vs. Tempered Advantages 329

Figure 3-50 Flabeg Parabolic Mirrors for Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) 331

Figure 3-51 Flabeg Parabolic Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Mirrors 332

Table 3-52 Flabeg Testing and Durability of Mirror Coating System 333

Table 3-53 Flabeg Available Mirror Types 334

Figure 3-54 Flabeg Available Mirror Types 335

Table 3-55 Flabeg CSP Coatings 336

Table 3-56 Flabeg CSP Packaging 337

Figure 3-57 Flabeg Flat Mirrors for Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) 338

Table 3-58 Flabeg CSP Quality testing 339

Table 3-59 Flabeg CSP Quality Testing Metrics 341

Figure 3-60 Emirates Float Glass Dura GLARE 344

Figure 3-61 Emirates Float Glass Dura GLARE Performance 345

Figure 3-62 Rio Glass Solar CSP Installations I and II 347

Figure 3-63 Rio Glass Solar CSP Installations 1 348

Figure 3-64 Rio Glass Solar CSP Installations 2 349

Table 3-65 Rio Glass Production Process 350

Table 3-66 Rio Glass Nano Silver Coatings 351

Figure 3-67 Rio Glass Nano Silver Coating Capabilities 352

Figure 3-68 Rio Glass CSP Operational Advantages 353

Figure 3-69 Rio Solar Glass Edge Protection 354

Figure 3-70 Rio Solar Glass Edge Preparation Description 355

Figure 3-71 Rio Solar Glass Edge Specifications 356

Figure 3-72 Rio Glass Robot Edging for Solar Protection 357

Figure 3-73 Rio Solar Glass Edge Protection Durability Analysis 358

Figure 3-74 Rio Solar Glass Deflectrometry Analysis 359

Figure 3-75 Rio Solar Glass Deflectrometry Analysis Summary 360

Figure 3-76 Rio Glass Solar Mirror Reflectance Measurements 361

Figure 3-77 Rio Glass CSP Shot Testing Preparation 362

Figure 3-78 Rio Glass CSP Testing Design 363

Figure 3-79 Rio Glass CSP Shot Testing Measurements 364

Figure 3-80 Rio Glass CSP Shot Testing Results 365

Figure 3-81 Rio Glass CSP Ball Drop Testing Measurements 366

Figure 3-82 Rio Glass CSP Multi Impact Cannon Testing Measurements 367

Figure 3-83 Rio Glass CSP Scaled Wind Tunnel Testing Measurements 368

Figure 3-84 Rio Glass CSP Scaled Wind Tunnel Testing Measurements 369

Figure 3-85 Rio Glass CSP Scaled Wind Tunnel Testing Fragments Speed Claculation 370

Figure 3-86 Rio Glass CSP Testing Measurements 371

Figure 3-87 Rio Glass CSP Variable Temperature Testing Measurements 372

Figure 3-88 Rio Glass CSP Flexion Load Test With Vaariable Temperature Measurements 373

Figure 3-89 Rio Glass CSP Testing Measurements Conclusions 374

Figure 3-90 Rio Glass CSP Testing Certificate 375

Figure 3-91 RIO Glass US Manufacturing in Arizona 376

Figure 3-92 Guangfeng Solar Mirror Low Iron Glass 378

Figure 3-93 Guangfeng Solar Flat Low Iron Glass 379

Figure 3-94 Guangfeng Solar Flat Mirror Low Iron Glass 380

Figure 3-95 Guangfeng Solar Low Iron Glass Uses 381

Figure 3-96 Guangfeng Solar Light Transmittance of Low Iron Glass 382

Figure 3-97 Guangfeng Solar Light Transmittance Main Characteristics of Low Iron Glass 383

Figure 3-98 Guangfeng Solar Energy Transmittance of Low Iron Patterned Glass 385

Figure 3-99 Guangfeng Solar Specifications and Properties of 6Low Iron Glass 386

Table 3-100 Guangfeng Solarglass Characteristics 387

Figure 3-101 Guangfeng Solarglass (Hong Kong) Low Iron Patterned Glass, Low Iron Float Glass, and Solar Mirrors 388

Figure 3-102 Nippon Sheet Glass Pilkington Solar Energy 389

Figure 3-103 Nippon Sheet Solar Energy Glass 390

Table 3-104 Nippon Sheet Glass Pilkington Low Iron Patterned Glass for C-Si Cell 392

Figure 3-105 Nippon Sheet Glass Pilkington Concentrated Solar Power 394

Figure 3-106 Nippon Sheet Glass Pilkington Sunplus™ and Pilkington Optiwhite™ For Solar Thermal Collectors 396

Table 3-107 Nippon Sheet Glass Pilkington NSG TEC™ Range Product Features 398

Table 3-108 Properties Of Nippon Sheet Glass Pilkington NSG TEC Glass™ Products 399

Table 3-106 Technology Of Nippon Sheet Glass Pilkington NSG TEC Low Iron Glass™ Products 400

Figure 3-109 Masdar, Total S.A. and Abengoa Solar Abu Dhabi Solar Power Plant 401

Figure 3-110 Borosil Glass Works 403

Table 3-111 Dongguan CSG Low Iron Solar Glass Parameter s 406

Table 3-112 Dongguan Primary CSG Low Iron Solar Glass Characteristics 407

Table 3-113 Dongguan Tempered CSG Low Iron Solar Glass Characteristics 408

Table 3-114 Dongguan Anti-reflective Coating CSG Low Iron Solar Glass Characteristics 410

Figure 3-115 Solar Manufacturing Of High-Quality Glass 414

Figure 3-116 solar Glass Plant 415

Figure 3-117 solar Glass Making 416

Figure 3-118 Asahi Reflective (Mirror) Substrates For Concentrating Solar Thermal Power Systems 421

Figure 3-119 Asahi CSP mirror 423

Figure 3-120 AJJ Glass Ultra-Clear Solar Glass 424

Table 3-121 AJJ Glass Ultra Clear Float Solar Glass Specification: 425

Table 3-122 AJJ Glass Ultra Clear Float Solar Glass Features: 425

Figure 3-123 Phoenica UltraClear – Low Iron Glass 428

Table 3-124 Phoenica UltraClear – Low Iron Glass Product Benefits 430

Table 3-125 Phoenica Laminated UltraClear™ Low Iron Glass Functions 431

Table 4-1 Characteristics of Low-Iron Glass: 443

Figure 4-2 Clear Low Iron Glass vs. Green in Regular Glass 444

Figure 4-3 Visualization of Clear Low Iron Glass vs. Green in Regular Glass 445

Table 4-4 Decorative Low Iron Glass Available Edge Work: 446

Figure 4-5 Low Iron Glass Stock Table Tops, Stock Mirrors, and Custom Mirrors,Table Tops, Shelves, and Replacement Doors. 450

Table 4-6 CSP Low Iron Glass Functional Characteristics 452

Table 4-7 CSP Low Iron Glass Application of Coatings 453

Figure 4-8 Rio Wind Tunnel Testing 454

Figure 4-9 RioGlass Full Scale Wind Tunnel Testing Set Up 455

Figure 4-10 RioGlass Full Scale Wind Tunnel Testing Air Flow 456

Figure 4-11 RioGlass Full Scale Wind Tunnel 457

Figure 4-12 CSP Glass Production Processes 458

Table 4-13 Parabolic Mirrors Solar Generation Elements 459

Figure 4-14 Schott PTR 70 Receiver Heat Transfer Fluid 461

Table 4-15 Key Parameters For The Yield Of A CSP Plant 463

Table 4-16 Low Iron Solar Glass Coatings 464

Table 4-17 Low Iron Solar Glass Coating Functions 465

Table 4-18 Nanotechnology Techniques Are Emerging That Permit Even Better Laying 466

Figure 5-1 Flabeg Worldwide Presence: Solar Glass 471

Figure 5-2 Flabeg QDec Measurement 472

Figure 5-3 Flabeg Solar Mirrors 473

Figure 5-4 Flabeg CSP Solar Mirrors 474

Figure 5-5 Flabeg Development Partners 476

Figure 5-6 Flabeg Ultimate Trough Design 478

Table 5-7 FLABEG Holding GmbH Profile 480

Figure 5-8 Flabeg Worldwide Presence: Solar Glass 482

Figure 5-9 Alanod-Solar in Germany 486

Figure 5-10 Asahi Glass Solar FIeld 491

Table 5-11 China Glass Holdings CSGA's Notable Projects 496

Figure 5-12 Dulles Glass and Mirror Staff 504

Figure 5-13 Dulles Glass and Mirror Manufacturing 505

Figure 5-14 Dulles Glass and Mirror Materials Selectiion 506

Figure 5-15 Guangfeng Solarglass (Hong Kong) Low Iron Patterned Glass, Low Iron Float Glass, and Solar Mirrors 508

Figure 5-16 Nippon / Pilkington Brand Elegance 523

FIGURE 5-17 PILKINGTON LOW-IRON CLEAR FLOAT GLASS FEATURES

Ensures a more natural, brighter view

Improves aesthetics of laminated glass

Made to consistent quality and performance

Can be toughened or laminated

Can be combined with other products

Figure 5-17 Pilkington Low-Iron Clear Float Glass Features 525

Figure 5-18 Pilkington Low-Iron Clear Float Glass Benefits 526

Figure 5-19 Pilkington Low-Iron Clear Float Glass 527

Figure 5-20 Pilkington Low-Iron Clear Float Glass Architecture 528

Figure 5-21 Nippon Sheet Glass Revenue and Logistics Business 531

Figure 5-22 Nippon Sheet Glass Business Segments 532

Figrue 5-23 Nippon Sheet Glass Pinkington World Presence 537

Figure 5-24 Nippon Sheet Glass Pinkington Northern Ballet Leeds UK 538

Figure 5-25 Nippon Sheet Glass Glazing In Car Show Room Ukraine 539

Figure 5-26 One Post Office Square Boston MA US 540

Figure 5-27 Centro Cultural Gabrieta Midtrial - Chile 541

Figure 5-28 Nippon Sheet Glass Solar Production Facilities Operational Plants 542

Figure 5-29 Nippon Sheet Glass Co., Ltd.NSG Group Current and Planned Capacity 543

Figure 5-30 Nippon Sheet Glass Co., Ltd. NSG Sales from Solar Sector 544

Table 5-31 Nippon Sheet Glass NSG Group Future Growth Options 545

Table 5-32 Nippon Sheet Glass Greenfield TCO float 546

Figure 5-33 ReflecTech® Mirror Film 550

Figure 5-34 ReflecTech® Mirror Film Characteristics 551

Figure 5-35 RIO Solar Glass Group 554

Figure 5-36 RioGlass Profile 555

Figure 5-37 RioGlass Product Lines 556

Figure 5-38 RIO Solar Glass Location Map 557

Figure 5-39 RIO Solar Glass Group Solar 1 and Solar 2 Locations 558

Figure 5-40 RIO Solar Glass Nano Silver Coating 559

Figure 5-41 RIO Solar Glass Group Customers 560

Figure 5-42 RIO Solar Glass Installation 561

Figure 5-43 RIO Solar Glass Seville Installation 562

Figure 5-44 RIO Solar Glass Nextra Martin Site 563

Figure 5-45 RIO Solar Glass Nextra Martin Site Overview 564

Figure 5-46 RIO Solar Glass Projects 565

Figure 5-47 RIO Solar Glass Buildings Project 566

Figure 5-48 RIO Solar Glass Overview 567

Figure 5-49 SolarWood Technologies 569

Figure 5-50 Sener Solar Tower Project 572

Table 5-51 Schott Solar CSP 574

Figure 5-52 Schott Global Presence 575

Figure 5-53 Solar Irradiation World Map 576

Table 5-54 SCHOTT POLY® PV Modules Key Advantages: 580

Figure 5-55 Schott ProductsGlass-to-Metal-Seals and Ceramic-to-Metal-Seals 582

Figure 5-56 Schott Automotive Glass 583

Figure 5-57 Schott Defense Seals 583

Figure 5-58 Schott Industry Special Products 584

Figure 5-59 Schott Industry Special Products 585

Figure 5-60 Schott Industry Special Products 586

Table 5-61 Schott Electronic Packaging Product Benefits: 587

Figure 5-62 Schott A Flexible Glass Fiber Light Guides Transmit The Light 588

Figure 5-63 Schott Ultra thin Glass Flexible Substrates 590

Table 5-64 SCHOTT Solar Products Photovoltaic Modules Advantages 594

Figure 5-65 SiSecam Group Sales Profile 604

Figure 5-66 SiSecam Group Results by Businesses 605

Figure 5-67 SiSecam Group Revenue 606

Figure 5-68 SiSecam Group Revenue and International Sales 608

Figure 5-69 SiSecam Group Employees and Glass Production 609

Table 5-70 Targray Materials Intelligence Segments 616

Figure 5-71 Trakya Cam Float glass Manufacturing Process 622

Figure 5-72 US Silica Low Iron Sand Mines 626

Table 5-73 US Silica Locations 627



List of Figures

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