Refinery Catalyst Market Shares, Strategies, and Forecasts, Worldwide, 2012 to 2018

Refinery Catalyst Market Shares, Strategies, and Forecasts, Worldwide, 2012 to 2018

Category : Environment and Gas
Published On : March  2012
Pages : 683



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Product Synopsis

Refinery Catalyst Provides Solid State Storage of Energy Useful for Smarter Planet Sensors, Electric Vehicle Batteries, and Renewable Energy Substation Storage. Refinery catalyst markets at $3.3 billion in 2011 are anticipated to reach $4.3 billion in 2018. Market growth comes in large part from demand for cleaner diesel fuel and the availability of newer technology and nanotechnology.  

This new 2012 study on refinery catalysts study has 683 pages, 188 tables and figures. Worldwide markets are poised to achieve steady growth as countries impose stricter environment controls on the manufacture and use of fossil fuels. 

Hydroprocessing catalysts are used to create cleaner fuels--especially ULSD. Demand for cleaner fuels is driving the market. Refining catalysts are experiencing strong growth this year. New fuel standards are coupled with refinery increasing use of heavier and dirtier feedstocks and major additions to refining capacity. Refining catalysts are moving to a more balanced market. Producers of fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) catalysts had a surge in demand. The market is shifting from one characterized by oversupply to a more stable sales effort. Hydroprocessing catalyst supply-demand is evolving. 

Hydroprocessing catalysts are the fastest-growing refinery catalysts. These catalysts help control and improve the operational efficiencies in the petroleum refining process. Demand is lower for the more mature FCC catalysts than the hydroprocessing catalysts. Hydroprocessing catalysts have passed FCC catalysts, becoming the largest segment of the refinery catalyst market. 

Low sulfur regulations in developed countries, implementation of some sulfur restrictions in China, India and Mexico, and other countries is a significant market driving force. Increasingly higher sulfur-content is present in oil coming out of the ground. 

The rapidly increasing demand for gasoline and diesel has increased the requirement for raw materials for their production. The limited supply of raw materials increases the overall cost of production. 

Reforming catalysts are fundamental to the modernization of product reformate. They contain hydrocarbons with more complex molecular shapes having higher octane values than the hydrocarbons in the naphtha feedstock. The process separates hydrogen atoms from the hydrocarbon molecules and produces significant amounts of byproduct hydrogen gas. 

Hydrogen is useful for fuel cells, meaning that refineries could become environments for generating electricity. Hydrogen is useful in stationary fuel cells that are evolving a market for providing local power in campus environments. Local power generation is becoming more valued as people realize that the cost of conditioning electricity for the grid is an unnecessary expense in local power environments. 

Stationary fuel cells represent the base for distributed power generation worldwide. No more new coal plants, no mare extensions to the grid. Distributed power has become mainstream. Distributed generation (DG) refers to power generation at the point of consumption. The use of hydrogen and the manufacture of hydrogen in refinery environments could become significant aspect of markets. 

According to Susan Eustis, the lead author of the study, "These factors have attracted manufacturers to refinery catalysts, as these help extract relatively more diesel and gasoline from the same amount of crude oil. The refinery catalyst market is thus boosted by the fact that the efficient use of catalysts can help the manufacturers' better address the increasing energy demand. Hydroprocessing faces significant challenges as crude feeds get heavier; there will be more sulphur and nitrogen to extract; more aromatics to saturate; more metals to remove; and more coke to deal with. Refiners have ageing facilities, which may not be designed and optimized to meet new challenges." 

Generating power on-site, rather than centrally, eliminates the cost, complexity, interdependencies, and inefficiencies associated with transmission and distribution. Like distributed computing (i.e. the PC) and distributed telephony (i.e. the mobile phone), distributed power generation shifts control to the consumer. 

As more capital investment is needed, costs for refining fossil fuels will rise, stimulating markets for renewable energy, making them more competitive with fossil fuels. 

Hydrotreating catalysts will continue to achieve the best growth in the petroleum refining market, aided by the increasingly sour nature of the crude petroleum supplied to the market. Efforts by Brazil, China, India and Russia to improve their air quality by the introduction of low-sulfur fuels are ongoing. Hydrocracking and fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) catalysts achieve advances, particularly in Asia as the growing motor vehicle fleet stimulates new gasoline and diesel fuel demand.
Companies Profiled

Market Leaders

Albemarle 
Haldor Topsoe 
Advanced Refining Technologies (ART) 
Clariant AG / Süd-Chemie AG 
IFP Energies nouvelles Group Company / Axens
BASF
Honeywell / UOP
WR Grace
Shell CRI
Sinopec China Petrochemical Corporation
 
Market Participants

Air Products
Chevron
Clean Diesel Technologies
Clean Diesel Technologies / Catalytic Solutions
Dow
Headwaters Technology Innovation (HTI)
UNICAT Catalyst Technologies
Indian Oil Corporation
Johnson Matthey
KBR Hydroprocessing
Nanostellar
Petrobras Partnership with Albemarle
Quantiam Technologies Inc.
Rive Technology and Grace Davison
Shell
Shell / Sekiyu
Shoaibi Group / General Technology & Systems Company Ltd (GENTAS)
Zeochem
Zeolyst
Selected Refinery Catalyst Companies
Emerging Catalyst Companies
FCC Catalyst & Additive Suppliers
Government Agencies and Other Organizations

Research Methodology

WinterGreen Research authors use a structured, consistent, and detailed research approach. The methodology supports an analytical approach to market research. In depth comparisons are made of many aspects of the market. Data relating to Industry segments is developed to permit presentation of forecasts and market share positioned to have substantive value. 

Full spectrum research and information services, including market reports, customized research, and customer interviewing are available, reports and research are positioned to provide strategic value to industry participants, strategic planners, and product managers. 

New systems combine sales tools and independent industry analysis, seeking to leverage the expertise of the sales force and combine it with the skepticism of the analysts to provide accurate return on investment analysis.

Refinery Catalyst Market Driving Forces 

Change Is The Only Constant 

Shift In Refiners' Raw Material Consumption 

Toward Heavier Feedstocks 

Lower Sulfur Specifications Worldwide 



Refinery Catalyst Market Shares 



Refinery Catalyst Market Forecasts 

Global Refining Catalyst Market Forecast Issues 



1. REFINERY CATALYSTS MARKET DESCRIPTION AND DYNAMICS



1.1. Fluid Catalytic Cracking FCC Catalysts And Hydroprocessing Catalysts 

1.1.1. Reducing Emissions From Diesel Engines 

1.1.2. On-Road Vehicles Emission Of Nitrogen Oxide 

1.1.3. Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) 

1.2. Identifying Trends In The Refining Catalyst Market 

1.2.1. Depleting Crude Oil Reserves 

1.2.2. Catalysts Have To Be Protected From Particulates And Foulants 

1.2.3. Conversion Rates 

1.2.4. Catalyst Platforms Comprised Of A Variety Of Different Technologies For A Customized Solution For Each Specific Refinery Or Unit Operation 

1.2.5. Residue Upgrading Challenge 

1.3. Process Catalysts 

1.4. Refining Catalysts 

1.4.1. Refining Catalyst Economic Trends: Btu Growth In Energy Consumption 

1.4.2. Refining Catalyst Business Trends 

1.4.3. Refining Catalyst Business Transformation From A Regional Business To A Global Undertaking Leveraging Economies Of Scale 

1.4.4. Increased Manufacturing Costs 

1.4.5. Catalyst Customization 

1.5. Market Changes Impacting Refinery Operators 

1.5.1. Refinery Catalysts 

1.6. Refinery Catalysts: Suppliers Tap Emerging Markets 

1.6.1. Refining Industry 

1.7. Global Refining Industry Additions 

1.7.1. Sinopec To Boost Refining Capacity To 232 Mln Tons by 2015. 

1.8. Oil Refineries 

1.8.1. Economic Environment Of Constrained Refinery Capex 

1.9. Diesel 

1.9.1. Maximizing Diesel Production Through Integrated Hydroprocessing 

1.10. Hydrotreating 

1.10.1. Hydrotreating Process Description 

1.10.2. Typical Causes Of Deactivation Of Hydroprocessing Catalysts 

1.10.3. Typical Methods Of Performance Recovery and Regeneration Of Hydroprocessing Catalysts 

1.10.4. Hydrotreating Catalysts 

1.10.5. Hydrocracking 

1.11. Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) 

1.12. Reforming 

1.13. Refinery Costs and Supply 

1.14. Fuel Consumption In Transportation 

1.14.1. Changing Trends 

1.14.2. Rising Consumption Of Petroleum Based Derivatives 

1.14.3. Demand For Maintaining High Octane Number 

1.14.4. Catalytic Hydrotreating 

1.15. Natural Gas Energy Market Growth 



2. REFINERY CATALYSTS MARKET SHARES AND FORECASTS

2.1. Refinery Catalyst Market Driving Forces 

2.1.1. Change Is The Only Constant 

2.1.2. Shift In Refiners' Raw Material Consumption Toward Heavier Feedstocks 

2.1.3. Lower Sulfur Specifications Worldwide 

2.2. Refinery Catalyst Market Shares 

2.2.1. Albemarle Addresses Demand For Refinery Catalysts 

2.2.2. Criterion 

2.2.3. BASF 

2.2.4. Haldor Topsoe 

2.2.5. Johnson Matthey 

2.2.6. SINOPEC Catalyst Company 

2.2.7. UNICAT Catalyst Technologies, Inc. 

2.3. Refinery Catalyst Market Forecasts 

2.3.1. Global Refining Catalyst Market Forecast Issues 

2.4. Hydroprocessing Refinery Catalysts 

2.4.1. Hydrocracking Catalysts 

2.4.2. Hydrodesulphurization Catalyst 

2.4.3. Production of Ultra-Low-Sulfur Diesel ULSD to Meet Global Diesel Needs 

2.4.4. Hydrocracking Integration 

2.4.5. Hydrocracking Meeting Refining Challenges 

2.4.6. Hydrotreating 

2.5. Hydroprocessing Refinery Catalyst Market Shares 

2.5.1. Albemarle Hydroprocessing Catalyst Area 

2.5.2. Albemarle Addressing Is The Need For More Hydroprocessing Capacity 

2.5.3. Haldor Topsoe 

2.5.4. Topsoe Reforming 

2.5.5. Shell / Criterion 

2.5.6. Shell CRI Catalyst Company is part of CRI/Criterion Inc., Ethylene Oxide 

2.5.7. Shell Group Criterion Catalysts & Technologies (Houston) 

2.5.8. ART 

2.5.9. Chevron/Grace Venture, ART 

2.5.10. Axens' Hydrocracking Technologies 

2.5.11. Axens Diesel Hydrotreating 

2.5.12. Honeywell UOP 

2.5.13. Zeolyst 

2.5.14. Sud-Chemie 

2.5.15. Sud-Chemie Custom Zeolites 

2.5.16. UOP the CANMET 

2.6. Hydroprocessing Catalyst Market Forecasts 

2.6.1. Hydroprocessing Catalyst Market Forecasts 

2.6.2. Customization of Hydroprocessing Catalysts 

2.6.3. Hydroprocessing Refinery Facility 

2.6.4. Distillate Hydrotreating Business 

2.6.5. Hydroprocessing Is A Technology-Driven Market 

2.7. Fluid Catalytic Cracking FCC Refinery Catalysts 

2.8. FCC Refinery Catalyst Market Shares 

2.8.1. BASF 

2.8.2. W.R. Grace 

2.8.3. Albemarle 

2.8.4. Albemarle AFX 

2.8.5. Refinery Operations Rive Technology and Grace Davison in Partnership 

2.9. FCC Refinery Catalyst Market Forecasts 

2.9.1. Crude Oil Refining Process 

2.9.2. Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) Catalyst 

2.10. Reforming Refinery Catalysts 

2.10.1. Stability Of Reforming Catalysts 

2.11. Reforming Refinery Catalyst Market Shares 

2.11.1. Honeywell UOP 

2.11.2. Axens / Criterion Reforming Catalysts 

2.11.3. Haldor Topsoe Reforming Catalysts 

2.11.4. Johnson Matthey Catalysts Pre-Reforming 

2.12. Reforming Refinery Catalyst Market Forecasts 

2.13. Chemical Synthesis, Petroleum Refining And Polymerization Catalysts 

2.13.1. Refining Catalyst Business Transformed From A Regional Business To A Global Undertaking 

2.13.2. Catalyst Supplier Adaptation to Refining Business 

2.14. Refinery Catalyst Industry Mergers and Acquisitions 

2.14.1. Refinery Catalyst Industry Consolidation 

2.14.2. Axens North America 

2.14.3. BASF 

2.14.4. Johnson Matthey 

2.14.5. DuPont acquired MECS 

2.15. International Oil Companies (IOCs) Disposing Of Downstream Refinery Assets 

2.15.1. 2012 Refinery Capacity 

2.15.2. OECD capacity changes 

2.15.3. Non-OECD capacities 

2.16. World Consumption of Energy 

2.16.1. Per Capita Energy Consumption 

2.16.2. Refining Capacity 

2.16.3. Refining Catalyst Producers Innovation Drivers 

2.16.4. BASF Expects Long-Term Global Fuel Demand To Show A Strong Preference For Diesel Over Gasoline 

2.16.5. Globalization & Consolidation 

2.16.6. Alternative Fuels 

2.16.7. Biofuels 

2.17. Refinery Business 

2.18. Refining Catalyst Innovation Drivers 

2.18.1. Lithium 

2.18.2. Albemarle Has Successfully Produced Lithium Carbonate 

2.18.3. Albemarle Discovery in Lithium Carbonate Production 

2.18.4. Market For Lithium Chemicals 

2.19. Worldwide Heterogeneous Catalyst Refining Business 

2.20. Prices for Refining Catalysts 

2.20.1. Hydrotreating Catalysts Prices 

2.21. Global Refinery Catalyst Market, By Metals Products 

2.22. Rare Earth Element Aspects of Catalysts 

2.22.1. Catalyst Substitutes That Exhibit Similar Properties To Rare Earth Elements 

2.22.2. Albemarle's Rare Earth Free Fuel-Sulfur and SOx-Reduction Solutions 

2.22.3. Albemarle Rare Earth Catalyst 

2.23. Catalyst Regional Analysis 

2.23.1. Refinery Catalyst Market Forecasts by Region 

2.23.2. United States 

2.23.3. OPEC 

2.23.4. North America 

2.23.5. EMEA 

2.23.6. China 

2.23.7. China Monitors Refining Capacity 

2.23.8. Refining in China 

2.23.9. Oil Refining Trends In South Korea 

2.23.10. Brazil 

2.23.11. Developing Markets 

2.23.12. Company Regional Participation in Refinery Catalyst Markets 

2.23.13. Refinery Capacity Shutdowns By Region, 2011 and 2012 

2.23.14. Haldor Topsoe Strengthens Wet-Gas Sulphuric Acid Units (WSA) Activities in China 

2.23.15. Regional Analysis For All Types Of Chemical Catalysts 



3. REFINERY CATALYST PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

3.1. Overview Oil Refinery Catalysts 

3.2. Hydro Processing Catalysts (HPC ) 

3.3. Albemarle Hydro Processing Catalysts (HPC ) Positioning 

3.3.1. Albemarle Hydro Processing Catalysts (HPC ) 

3.3.2. Albemarle Hydroprocessing Catalysts (HPC ) 

3.3.3. Albemarle Pretreat Catalysts Impact on Hydrocracking Catalyst 

3.3.4. Albemarle Diesel Hydrotreating Catalysts 

3.3.5. Albemarle's STARS Technology 

3.3.6. Albemarle STARS Catalysts Joint Venture Partner Nippon Ketjen Co 

3.3.7. Albemarle STARS Catalyst Multiple Reactivations 

3.3.8. Albemarle STARS Catalysts 

3.3.9. Albemarle STA X™ Technology 

3.3.10. Albemarle Refinery Catalyst Development Related To Hydroprocessing Of Vegetable Oils 

3.3.11. Albemarle / Neste Oil Production Of Renewable Diesel: Neste Oil NExBTL® Technology Scales 

3.3.12. Albermarle Direct Desulfurization Catalyst Resolves Problem For Neste Solvent Production 

3.3.13. Albemarle High-Performance Low Rare Earth Technology: Rare Earth Market 

3.3.14. Albemarle's Low Rare Earth Technology (LRT(TM)) Catalysts Offer Increasing Value as Rare Earth Mineral Prices Continue to Soar. 

3.3.15. Selected Albemarle Catalysts 

3.3.16. Albermarle NEBULA 20 

3.3.17. AlbermarleHydroconversion 

3.3.18. Albermarle KC 2610 

3.3.19. Albemarle Grading & Guard Catalysts 

3.3.20. Albemarle Isomerization 

3.3.21. Albemarle / Axens, ATIS-2L and ATIS-1L 

3.3.22. Catalyst ROI from Albemarle 

3.3.23. Albemarle and Petrobras World-Scale Hydroprocessing Catalysts Production Plant 

3.3.24. Albemarle REACTTM 

3.3.25. Albemarle RServices Commercial Technology Services 

3.3.26. Albemarle Process Technology 

3.3.27. UOP and Albemarle Hydroprocessing Alliance 

3.3.28. Albemarle Alkylation 

3.3.29. Albemarle Catalysts, CBI Lummus and Neste Oil Solid Acid Catalyst Gasoline Alkylation Technology, AlkyClean 

3.3.30. Albemarle Biofuels Catalysts 

3.3.31. Albemarle Unlocking The Potential Of Biomass Through High-Performance, Heterogeneous Catalysts 

3.3.32. Albemarle Corporation Acquires Catilin In Biofuels Market 

3.3.33. Albemarle Grading & Guard Catalysts 

3.3.34. Albemarle Cost Effective Catalysts For Paraffin Isomerization 

3.3.35. Albemarle Speciality Zeolites 

3.3.36. Albemarle Other Catalysts Haldor Topsoe Hydroprocessing Worldwide 

3.4.1. Haldor Topsoe Refining Solutions 

3.4.2. Haldor Topsoe BRIM™ catalysts 

3.4.3. Topsoe Catalysis Hydroprocessing 

3.4.4. Topsoe Hydro Processing Design Facilities 

3.4.5. Haldor Topsoe Catalyst Varieties 

3.4.6. Haldor Topsoe Researching Catalysis 

3.4.7. Haldor Topsoe BRIM™ catalysts 

3.4.8. Topsoe Meeting Sulphur Specification Standards 

3.4.9. Topsoe Catalytic Reaction Sites 

3.4.10. Topsoe Molybdenum Disulphide Nanocrystals ART HydroTreating Catalysts 

3.5.1. Grace Advanced Refining Technologies 

3.5.2. ART Ebullated Bed Resid Hydrocracking Line 

3.5.3. Chevron All Hydroprocessing Axens Hydrocracking 

3.6.1. Axens Hydrocracking Licensing 

3.6.2. Axens Mild Hydrocracking and HyC-10 

3.6.3. Axens Two-Stage Hydrocracking 

3.6.4. Axens Once-Through HyK Hydrocracker 

3.6.5. Axens Amorphous-Type Hydrocracking Catalyst HDK 776 

3.6.6. Axens Hydrocracking Reactor Performance 

3.6.7. Axens' Hydrocracking Technologies 

3.6.8. Axens HR Series Catalysts with ACE™ Technology 

3.6.9. Axens Hydrocracking Licensing 

3.6.10. Axens Recommended Hydrocracking Process 

3.6.11. Axens Mild Hydrocracking and HyC-10 

3.7. Shell CRI Hydrotreating Catalysts 

3.7.1. Shell Group / CRI / Criterion Inc 

3.7.2. Criterion Ultra Low Sulphur Diesel ULSD 

3.7.3. Criterion Distillate Hydrotreating 

3.7.4. Criterion Distillate Hydrotreating 

3.7.5. Criterion Next Generation Zeolite Nano Scale Technology And Nano Engineering At Production Levels 

3.7.6. Criterion CRI Offers Catalysts For The Full Hydrogenation Of Benzene To Cyclohexane 

3.7.7. Criterion's Distillate Hydrotreating Application 

3.7.8. Criterion's ASCENT Catalyst Technology 

3.7.9. Criterion CENTINEL™Technology 

3.7.10. Criterion SYNCats™ Specialized Catalysts For Distillate Upgrading 

3.8. BASF Hydrogenation 

3.8.1. BASF Copper-Chrome Catalysts For Hydrogenation Processes 

3.9. Axens Renewable Oils & Fats Hydroprocessing 

3.9.1. Axens and GENTAS to Build Hydroprocessing Catalyst Manufacturing Plant in Saudi Arabia 

3.9.2. Axens Mild Hydrocracking and HyC-10 

3.9.3. Axens Two-Stage Hydrocracking 

3.9.4. Axens Once-Through HyK Hydrocracker 

3.9.5. Axens Amorphous-Type Hydrocracking Catalyst HDK 776 

3.9.6. Axens Hydrocracking Reactor Performance 

3.9.7. Axens' Hydrocracking Technologies 

3.10. UNICAT Catalyst Technologies 

3.10.1. UNICAT HT-86R 

3.10.2. UNICAT Catalyst Technologies 

3.11. Reforming Catalysts 

3.12. Haldor Topsoe Reforming Catalysts 

3.12.1. Topsoe Steam reforming features 

3.12.2. Topsoe's Steam Reforming Portfolio 

3.12.3. Haldor Topsoe Light Feedstock Reforming Catalysts 

3.13. UOP Hydroprocessing Guard Bed Materials 

3.14. SINOPEC Catalyst Company FCC, Hydrocracking Catalysts, Residual Oil Hydrogenation Catalysts, Reforming Catalysts 

3.15. FCC 

3.16. Grace FCC 

3.17. Albemarle FCC Additives 

3.17.1. Albemarle Bespoke Catalyst Solution 

3.17.2. Albemarle GO-ULTRA Catalyst Improving Bottoms Conversion 

3.17.3. Albemarle Propylene Maximization in FCC and Residue FCC 

3.17.4. Albemarle AFX 

3.17.5. Albemarle Cerium In SOx Additives 

3.17.6. Albemarle SOxMASTER SOx Reduction Additive 

3.17.7. Albemarle SOx Additive Predictive Model 

3.17.8. Albemarle's Rare Earth Free Fuel-Sulfur and SOx-Reduction Solutions 

3.17.9. Albemarle Driving Down Sox Mitigation Costs 

3.17.10. Albemarle European Refinery That Uses 7% SOxMASTER 

3.17.11. Albemarle High-Performance Low Rare Earth Technology: Rare Earth Market 

3.17.12. Albemarle Step Change In Catalyst Design Technology For Gas Processing, Refining, Residue Upgrading And Petrochemicals 

3.17.13. Albemarle Delivering Premium FCC Catalysts 

3.17.14. Albemarle KF 770 Catalyst 

3.17.15. Albemarle Bespoke Catalyst Solution 

3.17.16. Albemarle Energy From Alternative Fuel Sources 

3.17.17. Albemarle and Petrobras's Brazil-Based Joint- Venture Company, Fabrica Carioca de Catalisadores SA (FCC SA) 

3.17.18. Albemarle Advantage In Polyethylene Polyolefin Catalyst Technologies 

3.17.19. Albemarle Breaking Into The Russian GO-ULTRA Gas Oil FCC Market 

3.17.20. Albemarle Specialty Resins 

3.17.21. Albemarle Polyolefin And Chemical Catalysts Division 

3.17.22. Albemarle Catalyst Accessibility 

3.17.23. Albemarle Propylene Maximization in FCC and Residue FCC 

3.17.24. Albemarle AFX 

3.18. BASF FCC Proximal Stable Matrix and Zeolite (Prox-SMZ) 

3.18.1. BASF 

3.18.2. BASF Multi-Stage Reaction Catalyst (MSRC) Platform 

3.18.3. BASF Advanced Matrix Material 

3.18.4. BASF Development of the Stamina Catalyst 

3.18.5. BASF Stamina resid FCC Distillate Maximization Catalyst 

3.18.6. Commercial Evaluation of BASF Stamina at Big West Oil in Salt Lake City, UT in the FCC Unit 

3.18.7. BASF Catalyst Technology Achieves Maximization Of Highly Efficient FCC Distillate 

3.18.8. Development of the Stamina Catalyst 

3.19. Rive Technology and Grace Davison 

3.20. Haldor Topse 

3.20.1. Haldor Topsoe BRIM™ catalysts 



4. REFINERY CATALYST TECHNOLOGY

4.1. Nanotechnology Catalyst Technology Developments 

4.1.1. Topsoe Fundamental Understanding Of Catalysts Through Nanotechnology 

4.1.2. Topsoe Molybdenum Disulphide Nanocrystals 

4.1.3. Criterion Next Generation Zeolite Nano Scale Technology And Nano Engineering At Production Levels 

4.1.4. Criterion CRI Offers Catalysts For The Full Hydrogenation Of Benzene To Cyclohexane 

4.1.5. Global Energy Demands 

4.2. Hydrocracking Technology 

4.2.1. HFC Designing Catalyst Systems Optimized For The Particular Reactions Occurring Inside A Hydrotreater 

4.2.2. Albemarle Step Change In Catalyst Design Technology For Gas Processing, Refining, Residue Upgrading And Petrochemicals 

4.2.3. Albemarle and Petrobras World-Scale Hydroprocessing Catalysts Production Plant 

4.3. UOP Reforming Catalysts 

4.4. Sweetening Catalysts 

4.5. Isomerization Catalysts 

4.5.1. Isomerization 

4.6. Zeolite Chemistry 

4.6.1. Zeolyst Leverages Zeolite Chemistry 

4.6.2. Zeolyst Hydroprocessing Catalyst 

4.6.3. Zeolites 

4.6.4. Catalyst Zeolites Are Used To Refine Petroleum 

4.6.5. Hydrated Aluminosilicates 

4.6.6. Most Common Natural Zeolites 

4.7. Rare Earth Strategies 

4.7.1. Molycorp's Mountain Pass, CA 

4.7.2. Lynas Corp 

4.8. Increased Focus On Benzene Management 

4.8.1. Refinery Options for Producing ULSD 

4.8.2. Estimating Costs for Individual Refineries 

4.8.3. ULSD Unit Model Assumptions 

4.9. Emerging Catalyst Companies 

4.10. Bromide 





5. REFINERY CATALYSTS COMPANY PROFILES

5.1. Advanced Refining Technologies (ART) 

5.1.1. ART A Leading Global Supplier 

5.1.2. ART 

5.2. Air Products 

5.2.1. Air Products Fourth Quarter Segment Performance 

5.3. Albemarle 

5.3.1. Albemarle Revenue 2011 

5.3.2. Albemarle Committed To Global Sustainability 

5.3.3. Albemarle Technologies 

5.3.4. Albemarle Joint Venture in Saudi Arabia with SABIC 

5.3.5. Albemarle and Petrobras Partnership To Provide South America With Clean Fuels 

5.3.6. Albemarle and Petrobras Partnership To Build Hydroprocessing Catalyst (HPC) Production Plant 

5.3.7. Albemarle Responds to New Refineries in Korea, Japan and India 

5.3.8. Albemarle / Neste Oil Vegetable Oil Refinery 

5.3.9. Albemarle Biofuels 

5.3.10. Albemarle Catilin Technology 

5.3.11. Albemarle Globalization & Consolidation 

5.3.12. Albemarle Acquires Catilin Expanding Biofuels Catalyst Portfolio 

5.3.13. Albemarle Discovery in Lithium Carbonate Production 

5.3.14. Albemarle Commercial Technology Services 

5.3.15. Albemarle Pretreat Catalysts 

5.3.16. Albemarle Diesel Hydrotreating Catalysts 5.4 BASF 

5.4.1. BASF Revenue 

5.4. BASF 

5.4.2. BASF Catalysts Division 

5.4.3. BASF Acquisition Of Shell's CRI/Criterion (Houston) Styrene Catalyst Business 

5.4.4. BASF Qtech Formed To Commercialize Catalytic Surface Coatings For Steam Cracker Furnace Tubes 

5.5. Chevron 

5.6. Clean Diesel Technologies 

5.6.1. Clean Diesel Meeting Global Air Quality Standards 

5.6.2. Clean Diesel Emissions Solution 

5.6.3. Clean Diesel Revenue 

5.6.4. Clean Diesel Technologies / Catalytic Solutions 

5.6.5. Catalytic Solutions Catalyst Division 

5.7. Chevron Pascagoula Refinery Facilities 

5.8. Clariant AG / Sud-Chemie AG, Munich, a Subsidiary of the Swiss company 

5.8.1. Clariant Acquires Sud-Chemie 

5.8.2. Clariant Group / Sud-Chemie Specialty Chemicals 

5.8.3. Sud-Chemie Catalysis and Energy 

5.8.4. Sud-Chemie Business Unit Catalysis & Energy 

5.9. Dow 

5.10. Haldor Topsoe 

5.10.1. Haldor Topsoe 

5.10.2. Haldor Topsoe Researching Catalysis 

5.10.3. Haldor Topsoe Expanding Markets 

5.10.4. Haldor Topsoe BRIM™ catalysts 

5.10.5. Haldor Topsoe Strengthens Wet-Gas Sulphuric Acid Units (WSA) Activities in China 

5.10.6. Topsoe Catalyst Business Model 

5.10.7. Haldor Topsoe Catalysis Research 

5.10.8. Haldor Topsoe Revenue 

5.10.9. Topsoe Wet-Gas Sulphuric Acid WSA 100 plants 

5.10.10. Topsoe WSA Expanding Markets 

5.10.11. Topsoe's Refining Experience 

5.10.12. Haldor Topsoe BRIM™ Catalysts 

5.10.13. Topsoe Hydroprocessing 

5.10.14. Haldor Topsoe Market Experience 

5.10.15. Haldor Topsoe Catalysts 

5.10.16. Haldor Topsoe India Private Limited 

5.10.17. Haldor Topsoe 

5.10.18. Haldor Topsoe Advises Clients 

5.10.19. US Department of Energy Awards 5 Million USD for Advanced Biofuels Technology Project to Topsoe and Partners 

5.10.20. Haldor Topsoe 

5.10.21. Haldor Topsoe Researching Catalysis 

5.11. Headwaters Technology Innovation (HTI) 

5.12. Honeywell / UOP 

5.12.1. Honeywell UOP Technology Selected by Petrobras for Two New Refineries to Expand Diesel Production 

5.12.2. UOP LLC, a Honeywell (NYSE: HON) Contracts 

5.12.3. UOP Regional Locations 

5.12.4. Honeywell Reports Second Quarter 2011 Sales Up 15% to $9.1 Billion 

5.12.5. UOP Catalysts 

5.12.6. Catalysts for Refining 

5.12.7. UOP Distillate-Selective Catalysts 

5.12.8. UPO Hydrotreating Catalysts 

5.12.9. UOP / Albemarle Guard Bed 

5.12.10. UOP Reforming Catalysts: 

5.12.11. UOP CCR Platforming Catalysts 

5.12.12. UOP Cyclic Reforming Catalysts 

5.12.13. UOP Naphtha Hydrotreating Catalysts 

5.12.14. UOP Sulfur Guard Beds 

5.12.15. UOP High Performance Adsorbents for Drying 

5.12.16. UOP High Performance Chloride Treaters 

5.12.17. UOP Isomerization catalysts: 

5.12.18. UOP Isomerization Catalysts 

5.12.19. UOP BenSat Catalysts for Benzene Saturation 

5.12.20. UOP Naphtha Hydrotreating Catalysts 

5.12.21. UOP Sulfur Guard Beds for Isomerization Process 

5.12.22. UOP High Performance Adsorbents for Drying 

5.12.23. UOP Merox™ Treating Catalysts 

5.12.24. UOP Treating Catalysts 

5.12.25. UOP Catalyst For Aromatics Production 

5.12.26. UOP Liquid-Phase Alkylation Catalysts 

5.12.27. UOP Aromatics Complex 

5.12.28. UOP Ethylbenzene & Styrene 

5.12.29. UOP Cumene & Phenol 

5.12.30. UOP Advanced Catalysts Solutions for Olefins Production 

5.12.31. UOP Olefin Catalysts 

5.12.32. UOP Catalysts for High Quality Detergents Production 

5.12.33. UOP Detergents Technologies 

5.12.34. Honeywell / UOP Renewable Energy and Chemicals Business 

5.12.35. UOP and Albemarle formed the Hydroprocessing Alliance 

5.12.36. UOP Partnership with Crystaphase Products 

5.13. IFP Energies nouvelles Group Company / Axens 

5.13.1. IFP Energies nouvelles Group Company / Eurecat : Catalyst Regeneration And Conditioning Services 

5.13.2. Axens Main Areas Of Activity 

5.13.3. Axens' Business Units 

5.13.4. Axens Acquires Shell's Criterion Reforming Catalysts & Technology Division 

5.13.5. Axens Engineering Support 

5.13.6v Axens Pilot Plant Testing 

5.13.7. Axens, / IFP Energies nouvelles Group Company R&D Investment 

5.13.8. Axens Positioning: 

5.13.9. Axens Oil Refining Catalysts 

5.13.10. Axens Top of The Barrel Octanizing 

5.13.11. Axens Diesel Hydrotreating 

5.13.12. Axens Catalytic Regeneration Reforming 

5.14. Indian Oil Corporation 

5.14.1. IndianOil Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, Mumbai 

5.15. Johnson Matthey 

5.15.1. Johnson Matthey Global Divisions 

5.15.2. Johnson Matthey Acquires FCC Additives Producer Intercat Catalysts 

5.15.3. Johnson Matthey Emission Control Technologies 

5.16. KBR Hydroprocessing 

5.17. Nanostellar 

5.18. Petrobras Partnership with Albemarle 

5.18.1. Petrobras Hydroprocessing Catalysts Investing To Improve Quality Of Oil Derived Streams 

5.19. Quantiam Technologies Inc. 

5.20. Rive Technology and Grace Davison Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) Catalyst Refinery Operations 

5.21. Shoaibi Group / General Technology & Systems Company Ltd (GENTAS) 

5.22. Sinopec China Petrochemical Corporation 

5.22.1. Sinopec Group China's Largest Producer And Supplier Of Refined Oil Products 

5.22.2. SINOPEC Catalyst Company 

5.22.3. SINOPEC Catalyst Company FCC, Hydrocracking Catalysts, Residual Oil Hydrogenation Catalysts, Reforming Catalysts 

5.23. Shell 

5.23.1. Shell Sekiyu 

5.23.2. Shell Exploration 

5.23.3. Shell Integrated Gas 

5.23.4. Shell CRI 

5.23.5. Shell CRI Catalyst Company is part of CRI/Criterion Technical services Research and development Shell Global Solutions Technology Licensing Shell Global Solutions products and services - opens in new window 

5.23.6. Criterion Markets, Customers, Products & Services 

5.23.7. Shell Criterion 

5.23.8. Criterion Sustainable Development 

5.23.9. Shell's Criterion Catalysts & Technology Sells Division to Axens 

5.24. UNICAT Catalyst Technologies 

5.24.1. UNICAT Catalysts for Hydrogen Production 

5.24.2. UNICAT Catalysts 

5.25. WR Grace 

5.25.1. WR Grace Refining Technologies 

5.25.2. Grace Construction Products 

5.25.3. Grace Refining Technologies 

5.25.4. Grace Construction Products 

5.25.5. Grace Specialty Catalysts & Process Technologies 

5.25.6. Grace Polyethylene Catalysts 

5.25.7. Grace Refining Technologies 

5.25.8. Grace Specialty Catalysts 

5.25.9. Grace Refining Technologies: Fluid Catalytic Cracking 

5.25.10. Grace Refining Technologies: Hydroprocessing Catalysts 

5.25.11. Grace Segment Revenue 

5.25.12. Grace Refining Technologies 

5.25.13. Grace Advanced Refining Technologies 

5.25.14. Grace ART Hydrotreating Fundamentals- 

5.25.15. Grace Davison 

5.25.16. Grace Construction Products 

5.25.17. Grace Construction Specialty Building Materials 

5.26. Zeochem 

5.26.1. Zeochem AG Has Developed And Manufactured High Silica Zeolite Products 

5.26.2. Zeochem AG Volatile Organic Compounds VOC's 

5.26.3. ZEOcat® Pentasil Structure Zeolites 

5.26.4. ZEOcat® Mordenite Crystal Structure Zeolite 

5.26.5. ZEOCHEM® Molecular Sieves 

5.26.6. ZEOCHEM® Molecular Sieve Adsorbents Basics 

5.27. Zeolyst 

5.28. Selected Refinery Catalyst Companies 

5.28.1. Emerging Catalyst Companies 

5.28.2. FCC Catalyst & Additive Suppliers 

5.28.3. Selected Companies 

5.28.4. Government Agencies and Other Organisations



List of Tables



Refinery Catalysts Executive Summary

Table ES-1: Refinery Catalyst Market Trends 

Table ES-2: Refinery Catalyst Market Driving Forces 

Figure ES-3: Refinery Catalyst Markets, Dollars, Worldwide, 2011 

Figure ES-4: Refinery Catalyst Market Forecasts, Shipments, Dollars, Worldwide, 2012-2018 

Table ES-5: Refining Catalyst Key Trends 

Refinery Catalysts Market Description and Market Dynamics

Figure 1-1: Arabianoilandgas Catalysts 

Table 1-2: Refining Catalyst Market Catalytic Processes Market Factors 

Table 1-3: Worldwide Refining Industry Profit Margin Improvement Strategy 

Table 1-4: Refining Catalysts Usage 

Figure 1-5: Shell Oil Maximizing Diesel Production Through Integrated Hydroprocessing 

Table 1-6: Naphtha Hydrotreating 

Table 1-7: Kerosene Hydrotreating 

Table 1-8: Diesel Hydrotreating 

Table 1-9: VGO Hydrotreating (FCC Pretreat) 

Table 1-10: Typical Causes Of Deactivation Of Hydroprocessing Catalysts 

Table 1-11: Hydrotreating Catalysts Uses 

Table 1-12: FCC Additives And Catalyst Objectives 

Figure 1-13: Handling Chemistry Challenges 

Table 1-14: Production Of Ultra-Low-Sulfur Diesel ULSD Complexities 

Figure 1-15: Natural Gas Market Growth 

Figure 1-16: LNG Value Chain Opportunities 

Refinery Catalysts Market Shares and Market Forecasts

Table 2-1: Refinery Catalyst Market Trends 

Table 2-2: Refinery Catalyst Market Driving Forces 

Figure 2-3: Refinery Catalyst Markets, Dollars, Worldwide, 2011 

Table 2-4: Refinery Catalysts Market Shares Dollars, Worldwide, 2011 

Figure 2-5: Refinery Catalyst Market Forecasts, Shipments, Dollars, Worldwide, 2012-2018

Table 2-6: Refinery Catalysts Market Forecasts Worldwide, 2012-2018 

Figure 2-7: Worldwide Refinery Capacity Additions, 2012 

Figure 2-8: Non OECD Capacity Additions 

Table 2-9: Refining Catalyst Key Trends 

Figure 2-10: Hydroprocessing Catalyst Market Shares, Dollars, 2011 

Table 2-11: Hydroprocessing Catalysts Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2011 

Figure 2-12: Hydroprocessing Catalyst Market Forecasts, Shipments, Dollars, Worldwide, 2012-2018 

Table 2-13: Hydroprocessing Catalysts Market Forecasts Worldwide, 2012-2018 

Table 2-14: Hydroprocessing Catalysts: Hydrotreating and Hydrocracking Segment Market Forecasts, Shipments, Worldwide, Dollars, 2012-2018 

Figure 2-15: Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) Catalyst Market Shares, Dollars, 2011 

Figure 2-16: Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) Catalysts Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2011 

Table 2-17: Fluid Catalytic Cracking FCC Catalysts Market Forecasts Worldwide, 2012-2018 

Figure 2-18: Reforming Catalysts, Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2011 

Table 2-19: Reforming Catalysts Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2011 

Figure 2-20: Haldor Topsoe offeres RKNGR Industry Segments 

Figure 2-21: Johnson Matthey Caatalysts Pre-Reforming 

Figure 2-22: Reforming Catalysts Market Forecasts Worldwide, 2012-2018 

Table 2-23: Reforming Catalysts Market Forecasts Worldwide, 2012-2018 

Table 2-24: Refining Catalyst Types 

Figure 2-25: Refinery Hydrotreating Solutions Capacity, 2004 

Figure 2-25 (Continued): Refinery Hydrotreating Solutions Capacity, 2004 

Figure 2-26: Recent Refinery Developments Since 2004 

Figure 2-27: World Consumption of Energy 

Figure 2-28: Lithium Market Opportunity 

Figure 2-28 (Continued): Lithium Market Opportunity 

Table 2-29: Global Refinery Catalyst Market, By Products 

Table 2-30: Global Zeolite Products 

Table 2-31: Global Refinery Catalyst Metals 

Table 2-32: Global Catalyst Precious Metals Market 

Table 2-33: Global Refinery Catalyst Transition And Base Metals 

Table 2-34: Global Compounds Market, By Products 

Figure 2-34: Refinery Catalyst Regional Market Segments, Dollars, 2011 

Table 2-35: Refinery Catalyst Regional Market Segments, 2011 

Figure 2-36: Hydroprocessing Catalysts Regional Market Segments, 2011 

Figure 2-37: Albemarle Investing in Developing Markets / Catalysts 

Figure 2-38: Albemarle Regional Market 

Figure 2-39: Refinery Capacity Shutdowns By Region, 2011 and 2012 

Figure 2-40: Surge in Refinery Capacity Anticipated 

Figure 2-41: Albemarle Positioning in Asia 

Figure 2-42: Albemarle Positioning in Middle East / India 

Figure 2-43: Albemarle Global Positioning for Organometallics 

Refinery Catalysts Product Description

Table 3-1: Oil Refining FCC and Hydroprocessing Catalyst Market Drivers 

Table 3-2: Oil Refining Catalyst Market Strengths 

Table 3-3: Oil Refining Catalyst Market Weaknesses 

Table 3-4: Oil Refining Catalyst Market Opportunities 

Table 3-5: Oil Refining Catalyst Market Challenges 

Table 3-6: Sub-Markets Of The Oil Refinery Catalyst Market 

Table 3-7: Major Types Of Refinery Catalysts 

Table 3-8: Hydroprocessing Alliance combines Albemarle's Advanced STARS and Nebula with UOP Hydrocracking Catalyst 

Table 3-9: Albermarle and UOP Alliance Albemarle's Diesel Hydrotreating Catalyst 

Table 3-10: Albemarle HFC Unique Catalyst Systems Design Features 

Table 3-11: Neste Oil / Albemarle NExBTL Proprietary Diesel Catalyst Technology Operational Plants by Production Quantity 

Table 3-12: Selected Albemarle Catalysts 

Table 3-13: Selected Albemarle Specially Designed Catalysts 

Figure 3-14: Albemarle ATIS 

Table 3-15: Albemarle Range Of Services 

Table 3-16: UOP and Albermarle Catalysts Guard Bed System Against Inorganic Fouling Elements 

Table 3-17: UOP and Albermarle Hydroprocessing Catalysts Guard Bed 

Table 3-18: Albemarle Portfolio Of Biofuel Catalyst 

Table 3-19: Haldor Topsoe Refining Solutions 

Table 3-20: Haldor Topsoe Solutions 

Table 3-21: Haldor Topsoe Catalyst portfolio 

Table 3-22: Chevron CLG's Three-Step, All-Hydroprocessing 

Figure 3-23: Chevron Hydroprocessing Technology 

Figure 3-24: Axens Hydrocracking 

Table 3-25: Axens Hydrocracking Technology Uses 

Table 3-26: Axens FCC, SC feeds 

Table 3-27: Axens Recommended Hydrocracking Process 

Table 3-28: Axens Hydrocracking technology Uses 

Table 3-29: Axens FCC, SC feeds 

Table 3-30: Axens Recommended Hydrocracking Process 

Figure 3-31: CRI Offers A Range Of Catalysts With Specific Focus On Hydrogenation Catalysts 

Figure 3-32: Criterion Hydrogenation Catalysts 

Table 3-33: Shell CRI Catalyst Portfolio 

Figure 3-34: CriterionTypical Hydroprocessing Process Unit for Catalyst Products 

Table 3-35: Criterion Hydrotreating Catalysts 

Figure 3-36: Shell Criterion CRI Ascent Catalyst Hydrogeneration Environment, H2 Consumption 

Figure 3-37: Criterion Ascent Catalyst Diesel Benefits 

Figure 3-38: Criterion ULSD Catalyst Centera 

Figure 3-39: Criterion Distillate Hydrotreating 

Figure 3-40: Criterion Nano Engineering Effects Illustrated 

Figure 3-41: Criterion Proprietary Zeolite 

Figure 3-42: Criterion Base Metal Hydrotreating Catalysts Support Flexibility 

Figure 3-43: Criterion R&D Challenge 

Table 3-44: Criterion's Distillate Hydrotreating Catalyst Type/Applications Description 

Table 3-45: Criterion's Grading and Poison Control Catalyst Type/Applications Description 

Table 3-46: BASF Uses for Base-Metal for Copper And Copper-Chrome Catalysts 

Figure 3-47: Haldor Topsoe RKNGR Reforming Catalysts 

Table 3-48: Topsoe's Steam Reforming Technologies: 

Figure 5-49: Haldor Topsoe Reforming Catalysts 

Figure 3-50: Haldor Topsoe Reforming Catalysts 

Table 3-51: UOP's Hydroprocessing UF-75 catalyst 

Figure 3-52: Grace Construction Fluid Catalytic Cracking Catalysts And Additives 

Table 3-53: Albemarle SOx Additive Predictive Model Metrics 

Figure 3-54: Albemarle Catalyst Flow Diagram 

Figure 3-55: Albemarle Polyolefin Catalyst Innovative Chemistries 

Table 3-56: Albemarle Polyolefin Catalysts Aspects 

Figure 3-57: BASF FCC Yield Data for HDXtra 

Figure 3-58: BASF Competitive Data HDXtra 

Figure 3-59: BASF Competitive Data for COke 

Figure 3-60: BASF SEM Micrographs Of A FCC Catalyst With Prox-SMZ Technology 

Figure 3-61: BASF Comparison of Coke Yield and LCO Selectivity of Flex-Tec and Stamina 

Figure 3-62: BASF Flex and Stamina Comparison of the Bottoms and Naphtha Yield 

Figure 4-1: Nanostellar Nanoparticle Surface Compositions That Change with Conditions 

Figure 4-2: Nanostellar's Rational Design Methodology 

Table 4-3: Topsoe Supported Rh Nanocrystal 

Figure 4-4: Criterion Nano Engineering Effects Illustrated 

Figure 4-5: Criterion Proprietary Zeolite 

Figure 4-6: Criterion Base Metal Hydrotreating Catalysts Support Flexibility 

Figure 4-7: Criterion R&D Challenge 

Table 4-11: Oil Refining Catalysts 

Table 4-8: Honeywell UOP CCR Platforming Process 

Table 4-9: Variations In Zeolite Chemistry 

Table 4-10: Zeolyst Standard Zeolite Powders 

Figure 4-11: Albemarle Bromide Position 

Refinery Catalysts Company Profiles

Table 5-1: Air Products Target Markets 

Table 5-2: Air Products Formulations Developed 

Table 5-3: Specialty Chemicals Cost Benefits 

Table 5-4: Albemarle Business Segments 

Figure 5-5: Albemarle Technologies 

Figure 5-6: Albemarle Technology Platform Opportunity Scope 

Figure 5-7: Albemarle Technology Platform Lithium Opportunity 

Figure 5-8: Albemarle Platform Opportunity To Invest in Current Business 

Figure 5-9: Albemarle Intersection of Core Capabilities Drives Competitive Advantage 

Figure 5-10: Albemarle Technology Platform Adjacent Opportunities 

Figure 5-11: Albemarle M&A 

Figure 5-12: Albemarle Core Strengths 

Figure 5-13: Albemarle Market Leadership Position 

Figure 5-14: Albemarle Catalysts Revenue Opportunity 

Figure 5-15: Albemarle Catalyst Solution Opportunity for Market Leading Position 

Figure 5-16: Albemarle Sees Demand for Bromine Based Fire Safety 

Figure 5-17: Albemarle Major Growth Opportunities for Organometallics 

Table 5-18: Albemarle Fluid Catalytic Cracking FCC Catalyst Services 

Table 5-19: Albemarle Process Additives 

Figure 5-20: Sud-Chemie Functional Materials, Catalysts and Energy 

Table 5-21: Haldor Topsoe Solutions 

Table 5-22: Haldor Topsoe Catalyst portfolio 

Table 5-23: Selected Topsoe Partnerships 

Table 5-24: Haldor Topsoe Catalyst Market Activity 

Figure 5-25: Topsoe New Catalysts And Processes 

Table 5-26: UOP Catalyst Solutions Applications: 

Table 5-27: UOP and Albemarle Hydroprocessing Alliance 

Table 5-28: UOP CatTrap Solutions: 

Table 5-29: Axens' Main Areas Of Activity 

Figure 5-30: Axens' Main Areas Of Activity 

Figure 5-31: Axens Portfolio Of Technologies, Catalysts, Adsorbents And Services 

Figure 5-32: Axens Business Units: 

Figure 5-33: Axens Oil Refining Catalysts 

Figure 5-34: Axens Octanizing (Continuous Catalytic Regeneration Reforming) 

Figure 5-35: Nanostellar Nanoparticle Surface Compositions That Change with Conditions 

Figure 5-36: Nanostellar's Rational Design Methodology 

Figure 5-37: Nanostellar Rational Design Methodology Approach 

Table 5-38: Nanostellar Rational Design Methodology Approach 

Figure 5-39: Shell CRI Specific Application Catalysts 

Table 5-40: Shell CRI Catalysts 

Figure 5-41: Shell CRI SCR Catalyst (DeNOX) 

Figure 5-42: Shell CRI Catalysts 

Table 5-43: CRI catalyst specific applications 

Table 5-44: Shell Criterion Hydroprocessing Catalysts 

Table 5-45: Criterion Product Applications 

Table 5-46: Criterion Hydrocracking Application 

Table 5-47: UNICAT Fundamental Principles 

Table 5-48: UNICAT Lines Of Catalyst: Xevin Designs 

Table 5-49: UNICAT's Catalyst Uses 

Table 5-50: UNICAT Catalysts 

Table 5-51: Grace Specialty Catalysts 



List of Figures

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