Utility Scale Solar Market Shares, Strategies, and Forecasts, Worldwide, 2010-2016

Utility Scale Solar Market Shares, Strategies, and Forecasts, Worldwide, 2010-2016

Category : Energy and Power
Published On : June  2010
Pages : 690



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Product Synopsis

This new study on Utility Scale Solar Market Shares, Strategies, and Forecasts, Worldwide, 2010-2016 has 690 pages, 105 tables and figures. Large solar farms are part of the answer to implementing energy generated from capture of heat from the sun. Utility scale systems are complex implementations of aggregated capture devices. The value of utility scale build out is the sheer size of the projects. It is easier to implement one large project in a controlled area than to implement multiple medium size projects to achieve the same level of power generation.

Solar energy market driving forces relate to the opportunity to harness a cheap, long lasting, powerful energy source. Solar energy can be used to create electricity in huge quantity. Solar panels are mounted in a weatherproof frame, are mounted in areas with direct exposure to the sun to generate electricity from sunlight.

Solar power systems are comprised of solar modules, related power electronics, and other components. Solar panels are used in residential, commercial and industrial applications. Solar compositions of arrays that comprise electric utility grids appear to be the wave of the future. Other solar systems are concentrating systems that leverage thermal transport of heated fluids and utilize traditional steam generators. The demand for solar energy is dependent on a lower prices for solar and higher prices for petroleum. A combination of economies of scale being realized in the manufacturing along with increases in the current prices for petroleum will drive solar energy adoption.

The overall solar market has attained enough critical mass to boost competitive technologies of thin film and monocrystalline, polycrystalline, and multicrystalline silicon based systems. Concentrating systems implemented in the desert use molten salt to store heat for use at night and when the sun is not shining.

Utility Scale Solar Executive Summary



Solar Energy for Utility Companies Executive Summary ES-1

Solar Energy Utility Scale Market Driving Forces ES-1

Solar Energy Utility Panel Shipments Market Shares ES-3

Solar Panel Utility Photovoltaic Market Forecasts, Worldwide, ES-4

Molten Salt Solar Utility Scale Energy Market Forecast ES-6



Utility Scale Solar Market Description And Market Dynamics



1.Utility Scale Solar Electricity Market Description and Market Dynamics 1-1

1.1 Photovoltaic power plants 1-1

1.1.1 Solar Strategy, Technology, And Industry j;Specific Applications 1-1

1.2 Solar Adoption 1-15

1.3 Photovoltaic Conversion Of Sun Light 1-17

1.4 Sunlight Intensity in Various Regions 1-17

1.5 Variety of Solar Panel Installations 1-21

1.6 World's Largest PV Installation German Solar 1-30

1.7 Utility Power Positioning 1-32

1.7.1 Utility Solar Decision Making 1-33

1.8 U.S. Building Construction Industry 1-34

1.9 Era Of Cheap Energy 1-37

1.9.1 Unprecedented Level Of Development Worldwide 1-38

1.9.2 Population Increases 1-38

1.10 Tackling Climate Change 1-39

1.11 Power From the Sun 1-40

1.11.1 PV Industry 1-41



Utility Scale Solar Market Shares And Market Forecasts



2. Solar Energy for Utility Companies Market Shares and Forecasts 2-1

2.1 Solar Energy Market Driving Forces 2-1

2.2 Solar Energy Utility Panel Shipments Market Shares 2-3

2.2.1 First Solar Thin Film Monolithic Integration On Glass 2-5

2.2.2 Sharp Solar Cells 2-6

2.2.3 Sharp Increasing The Size Of The Output To Maintain Leading Market Share 2-8

2.2.4 Trina Solar Limited Square Monocrystalline Cell 2-8

2.2.5 SolarWorld Residential 2-9

2.2.6 Suntech Solar Cells 2-10

2.2.7 Canadian Solar 2-12

2.2.8 BP Solar Core Markets Monocrystalline And Multicrystalline Cells 2-13

2.2.9 LDK 2-13

2.2.10 Yingli 2-14

2.2.11 CIGS 2-14

2.2.12 Q-Cells CIGS Module Positioning 2-15

2.2.13 Ascent Solar Semiconductor Deposition 2-15

2.2.14 NanoSolar and MiaSole Thin Film Technology 2-15

2.2.15 Ascent Solar Thin Film Photovoltaic Devices CIGS (Copper Indium Gallium Selenide). 2-16

2.3 Solar Panel Utility Photovoltaic Market Forecasts, Worldwide, 2-16

2.4 Molten Salt Solar Utility Scale Energy Market Participants 2-20

2.4.1 Abengoa Solar Commercial Operation of Solnova 3 2-20

2.4.2 Areva / Ausra 2-21

2.4.3 BrightSource Energy Ivanpah Project 2-21

2.4.4 United Technologies 2-22

2.4.5 Solar Reserve Partnered With United Technologies 2-22

2.4.6 United Technologies Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne 2-23

2.4.7 GE Energy 2-24

2.4.8 Schott Utility-Scale Thermal Concentrating Solar 2-25

2.5 Molten Salt Solar Utility Scale Energy Market Forecast 2-26

2.5.1 Shenzhen Sunshine Electronics Manufacturing Solar Lighting 2-29

2.6 Solar Industry Outlook 2-30

2.6.1 100 Successful Trials And Reference Accounts 2-31

2.6.2 Solar Utility Market Driving Forces 2-32

2.6.3 Grid Parity 2-33

2.7 Multiple, Large, Working Solar Energy Installations 2-45

2.7.1 CIGS On Glass 2-46

2.7.2 Thin Film Vs. Monocrystalline or Polycrystalline 2-46

2.7.3 Solar Market Transitions 2-48

2.7.4 Solar Energy Conversion Efficiency 2-50

2.7.5 Solar Energy Megawatts Shipped 2-52

2.8 Molten Salt Solar Utility Scale Energy Electricity Storage 2-60

2.8.1 Global Demand For Cost-Effective And Reliable Solar Power 2-61

2.9 Molten Salt Solar Utility Scale Steam Turbine Market Shares 2-62

2.9.1 Siemens’ Environmental Portfolio Revenue 2-66

2.10 Solar Steam Generators Market Forecast 2-69

2.10.1 Concentrating Linear Reflectors 2-70

2.10.2 Solar Thermal Molten Salt Storage Electricity Forecasts 2-71

2.11 Solar Regional Analysis 2-75

2.11.1 Photovoltaics Solar Regional Analysis 2-76

2.11.2 U.S. PV Market Becomes Global Demand Leader by 2012: 2-83

2.11.3 Solar Regional Markets 2-91

2.11.4 US Solar Regional Initiatives 2-91

2.11.5 Denver Airport Plans Solar Power For Its Fuel Farm 2-91

2.11.6 Texas Citizens Want More Renewable Energy 2-92

2.11.7 Edison Utility Takes Part in Large Solar Power Projects 2-93

2.11.8 German Solar Subsidies 2-94

2.11.9 Germany Cuts Its Solar Feed-In Tariff 2-97

2.11.10 German Solar Cell Producers 2-98

2.11.11 Solar Market in Germany 2-99

2.11.12 Italian Solar Market 2-103

2.11.13 French Solar Market 2-104

2.11.14 EDFEN & First Solar To Build 100-MW Solar Manufacturing Plant in France 2-105

2.11.15 European Solar Project Developer Epuron 2-105

2.11.16 Japanese Utilities Switching to Solar Power Sources 2-106

2.11.17 Australian Electricity Generated 1/5 From Green Sources By 2020 2-106

2.11.18 Largest Solar Power Plant Built In China by Americans 2-107

2.11.19 China Solar Positioning 2-109

2.11.20 Solar Roadside Electric Charging Stations In Brazil 2-111

2.11.21 India 2-112

2.11.22 New Zealand National Electricity Generator Buys a US Solar Power Plant 2-116



Utility Scale Solar Product Description



3. Utility Solar Product Description 3-1

3.1 Solar For Utilities 3-1

3.2 Utility-Scale Solar Solutions 3-2

3.3 First Solar Utility-Scale Solutions 3-2

3.3.1 First Solar Utility Systems 3-6

3.3.2 First Solar Positioning 3-6

3.3.3 First Solar Energy High Performance. High Volume 3-7

3.3.4 First Solar Commercial-Scale Solutions 3-9

3.3.5 First Solar Largest Solar Power Plant Built In China by Americans 3-15

3.4 Trina Solar 3-15

3.5 Energy From Trina Solar Modules 3-17

3.5.1 Trina Solar Monocrystalline Modules 3-19

3.5.2 Trina Solar TSM-PC05, 215W to 235W Multicrystalline Module 3-24

3.5.3 Trina Solar for Utility Scale Installations 3-41

3.6 Kyocera Solar Utility 3-43

3.7 Sharp Utility Solar Installation 3-46

3.7.1 Sharp Utility-Scale Products 3-47

3.8 Miasolé CIGS-Based Thin Film Solar Panel Manufacturing 3-51

3.9 Nanosolar 3-53

3.9.1 Nanosolar Commercial Production 3-54

3.10 Palios Flexible Glass 3-54

3.11 BYD 3-56

3.11.1 China BYD to invest $3.3 billion in solar battery plant 3-56

3.12 Suntech 3-57

3.13 Scatec Solar 3-59

3.13.1 Scatec Solar Utility Project Development Phase 3-60

3.14 G24 Innovations 3-63

3.15 Smart Grid 3-63

3.16 Petra Solar Pole Based Solar Collectors 3-64

3.17 Molten Salt Solar Storage and Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) 3-65

3.18 Abengoa SA 3-67

3.18.1 Abengoa Solar Commercial Operation of Solnova 3 3-69

3.19 Areva / Ausra 3-74

3.19.1 Areva New Strategy 3-75

3.20 BrightSource Energy 3-76

3.20.1 Brightsource Energy $1.4 Billion In Loan Guarantees From U.S. Department Of Energy 3-77

3.20.2 BrightSource Energy Ivanpah Project 3-78

3.20.3 BrightSource Energy Luz Power Tower 550 (LPT 550) Technology 3-80

3.20.4 Brightsource Energy Reduced Footprint Mitigation For Ivanpah Solar Electric Generating System 3-81

3.20.5 BrightSource Energy Mirrors 3-82

3.20.6 BrightSource Energy Heliostats 3-83

3.20.7 BrightSource Energy Heliostat Control System 3-85

3.20.8 BrightSource EnergyTower and Boiler 3-87

3.20.9 BrightSource Energy Power Block 3-89

3.21 United Technologies 3-90

3.21.1 United Technologies Hamilton Sundstrand Unit 3-91

3.21.2 United Technologies Hamilton Sundstrand 3-93

3.22 Solar Millennium Salts To Replace Oil In Parabolic Trough Power Plants 3-95

3.23 SolarReserve Power Towers 3-96

3.23.1 Solar Thermal With Molten Salt Energy Storage: SolarReserve Heads to Nevada 3-97

3.23.2 Solar Reserve Partnered With United Technologies 3-97

3.24 Siemens Energy Sector / Renewable Energy Division 3-99

3.24.1 Siemens Solar-Thermal Power Plant 3-99

3.24.2 Siemens Global Market Leader For Turbines In Solar Thermal Parabolic Trough Power Plants 3-100

3.24.3 Siemens Solar-Thermal Power Plant: Putting the Desert to Use 3-101

3.24.4 Siemens 123-MW Steam Turbine-Generator For Solar Thermal Power Plant In California 3-102

3.24.5 Siemens Solar Efficiency 3-104

3.24.6 Siemens Next-Generation Solar UVAC Receiver Increases Thermal Output Of Power Plants 3-105

3.25 Asahi Glass 3-108

3.25.1 Asahi Glass Flexible Solar Cells 3-108

3.26 GE 3-111

3.27 Hitachi 3-112



Utility Scale Solar Storage Technology



4. Molten Salt Thermal Storage and Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) Technology 4-1

4.1 Molten Salt 4-1

4.1.1 Salt Storage System Potential Issues 4-2

4.2 Molten Salts Store Solar Energy As Heat 4-3

4.2.1 Salt System Efficient At Heat Storage 4-3

4.3 Parabolic Trough Thermal Energy Storage Technology 4-4

4.3.1 Parabolic Trough 4-5

4.3.2 Thermal Energy Storage Systems 4-6

4.3.3 Thermal Energy Storage System 4-7

4.3.4 Single-Tank Thermocline 4-8

4.3.5 Direct Molten-Salt Heat Transfer Fluid 4-9

4.4 Thermal Stability Of Imidazolium Salts 4-9

4.5 Concrete Thermal Energy Storage Media 4-10

4.5.1 Phase-Change Materials 4-11

4.6 Solar Cells Achieve Power Without Maintenance 4-13

4.6.1 Internal Electrostatic Field 4-14

4.6.2 Converting Sunlight to Electricity 4-14

4.7 Thin Film Material Layers 4-16

4.8 Solar Panel Technologies 4-17

4.8.1 Thin Film Solar Cells Amorphous Silicon 4-18

4.8.2 Thin Film Solar Cells Cadmium Telluride 4-18

4.8.3 Thin Film Solar Cells CIGS (Copper Indium Gallium Selenide) 4-18

4.8.4 Miasolé Copper-Indium-Gallium-Diselenide Films Conversion Efficiency Confirmation From NREL 4-19

4.8.5 Thin-Film On Glass Substrate 4-21

4.8.6 Ascent Solar Putting CIGS On A Polymeric Or Plastic Substrate 4-21

4.8.7 First Solar Monolithic Integration On Glass 4-21

4.8.8 Substrate Discussion 4-26

4.8.9 First Solar Modules Cadmium Telluride (CdTe) Semiconductor Material 4-26

4.9 Trina Solar Silicon Panels 4-37

4.10 Q Cells Technology 4-38

4.11 SunTech 4-39

4.12 CIGS Photovoltaic Effect 4-40

4.12.1 Crystalline Silicon Indirect Band-Gap Semiconductor 4-40

4.12.2 Solar Thin Film Substrates 4-40

4.12.3 Gettering in Large-Grained Thin Polycrystalline Silicon Films on Glass Substrate 4-41

4.12.4 EPV Solar Contracts Deliver 300 Megawatts Of Thin-Film Panels Through 2012. 4-42

4.12.5 Photovoltaic Technologies: Single Crystal, Polycrystalline and Thin Film 4-42

4.12.6 Single Crystal and Polycrystalline 4-43

4.12.7 Thin Film Panels 4-44

4.13 Shading 4-46

4.14 Third-Generation Thin-Film Solar Applications 4-48

4.15 Flexible Glass Solar Panels 4-49



Utility Scale Solar Company Profiles



5. Solar Company Profiles 5-1

5.1 Selected Solar Companies 5-1

5.2 A-Power 5-1

5.3 Abengoa Solar 5-1

5.3.1 Abengoa 5-2

5.3.2 Abengoa and Climate Change 5-3

5.4 Acciona Solar Power 5-11

5.5 Anwell Technologies 5-13

5.6 Areva / Ausra 5-13

5.6.1 Areva New Strategy 5-14

5.7 Applied Materials 5-14

5.7.1 Applied Materials Segment Analysis 5-16

5.7.2 Applied Materials Silicon Segment 5-16

5.7.3 Applied Three-Dimensional (3D) ICs 5-18

5.7.4 Applied Materials Deposition 5-19

5.7.5 Applied Materials Atomic Layer Deposition 5-20

5.7.6 Applied Materials Chemical Vapor Deposition 5-20

5.7.7 Applied Materials Applied Producer CVD Platform 5-21

5.7.8 Applied Materials Low k Dielectric Films - 5-21

5.7.9 Applied Materials Lithography-Enabling Solutions 5-21

5.7.10 Applied Materials Gap Fill Films - 5-22

5.7.11 Applied Materials Strain Engineering Solutions 5-22

5.7.12 Applied Materials Epitaxial Deposition 5-23

5.7.13 Applied Materials Polysilicon Deposition - 5-23

5.7.14 Applied Materials Tungsten Deposition - 5-24

5.7.15 Applied Materials Physical Vapor Deposition 5-24

5.7.16 Applied Materials Etch 5-25

5.7.17 Applied Materials Rapid Thermal Processing 5-27

5.7.18 Applied Materials Chemical Mechanical Planarization 5-27

5.7.19 Applied Materials Metrology and Wafer Inspection 5-28

5.7.20 Applied Materials Critical Dimension and Defect Review Scanning Electron Microscopes (CD-SEMs and DR-SEMs) 5-28

5.7.21 Applied Materials Wafer Inspection 5-30

5.7.22 Applied Materials Mask Making 5-30

5.7.23 Applied Materials Display Segment 5-31

5.7.24 Applied Global Services Segment 5-31

5.7.25 Applied Materials Fab Services - 5-32

5.7.26 Applied Films Vacuum Coating Technologies 5-32

5.7.27 Applied Materials Energy and Environmental Solutions Segment 5-33

5.8 Areva / Ausra 5-38

5.8.1 AREVA Leads Global Nuclear Power Industry 5-39

5.9 Asahi Glass Co Ltd 5-40

5.9.1 Asahi Glass Fuel Cell 5-42

5.9.2 Asahi Glass Fuel Cells Close To Practical Use 5-43

5.9.3 Asahi Glass Fuel Cells In Daily Life In 2010 5-44

5.9.4 Asahi Glass Chemicals Business as Core Business to the AGC Group 5-44

5.9.5 Asahi Glass ETFE Film With High Transparency And Flexibility 5-48

5.9.6 AGC Asahi GlassRevenue 5-49

5.9.7 Asahi Glass Revenue 5-55

5.10 Ascent Solar Technologies 5-60

5.10.1 Ascent Solar Technologies Completed Construction Of A 1.5 MW Production Line 5-60

5.11 BP 5-63

5.11.1 BP brands 5-63

5.11.2 BP Solar Revenue 5-66

5.11.3 BP Solar 5-68

5.11.4 TATA BP Solar 5-69

5.12 BYD 5-70

5.13 Battelle 5-71

5.14 BrightSource Energy 5-71

5.14.1 BrightSource Energy $1.4 billion In Loan Guarantees From The U.S. Department of Energy 5-73

5.14.2 BrightSource Energy Ivanpah Project: Clean Energy, Union Jobs, Environmentally-Responsible Design 5-74

5.14.3 BrightSource Energy Luz Power Tower 550 (LPT 550) Technology 5-75

5.14.4 Brightsource Energy $150 Million Of Equity Financing 5-75

5.15 Corning 5-77

5.15.1 Corning Display Technologies Segment 5-77

5.15.2 Corning Revenue 5-79

5.15.3 Corning Display Technologies Segment 5-82

5.15.4 Corning Telecommunications Segment 5-83

5.15.5 Corning Environmental Technologies Segment 5-84

5.15.6 Corning Specialty Materials Segment 5-84

5.15.7 Corning Life Sciences Segment 5-85

5.16 Directed Vapor Technology 5-85

5.16.1 Directed Vapor Deposition Next Generation Coating Technology 5-85

5.17 du Pont 5-87

5.17.1 DuPont 5-87

5.17.2 DuPont™ Kapton® 5-90

5.17.3 DuPont™ Kapton® Polyimide Films 5-90

5.17.4 DuPont Teonex 5-93

5.18 GE Energy 5-94

5.18.1 GE Steam Turbines to Boost Output, Efficiency of Saudi Electricity Company’s Qurayyah Power Plant 5-94

5.18.2 GE Emissions Testing Team Becomes Early Adopter of Future EPA Standards 5-96

5.18.3 GE Smart Grid Technologies Transform Ireland’s Energy 5-97

5.19 Hitachi 5-98

5.19.1 Hitachi America 5-102

5.19.2 Hitachi America, Ltd. Focusing On Smart Grid Energy Storage for Solar Farms 5-102

5.19.3 Hitachi Long Life Lead Acid Batteries 5-104

5.20 China Sunergy 5-105

5.21 Canadian Solar 5-106

5.22 China Guangdong Nuclear Wind Power Company 5-109

5.23 Conergy AG - 5-109

5.23.1 Conergy Solar System Integration 5-110

5.23.2 Conergy Sale of Solar Water Pump Division to Innovative Solar Solutions 5-110

5.23.3 Conergy and MEMC Agreement 5-110

5.24 Corning 5-111

5.24.1 Corning A Growth Company 5-112

5.24.2 Corning Worldwide LCD TV 5-112

5.24.3 Other Corning Businesses 5-113

5.24.4 Corning 2010 Market Strength 5-113

5.24.5 Corning Specialty Materials Segment Gorilla Scratch-Resistant Cover Glass 5-114

5.24.6 Corning Fourth-Quarter Revenue 5-115

5.25 Developers Diversified Realty (DDR) 5-115

5.26 Daqo New Energy 5-116

5.27 Dow Chemical 5-116

5.27.1 Dow Chemical / NuvoSun 5-117

5.28 Dyesol 5-118

5.29 Energy Conversion Devices / United Solar Ovonic 5-119

5.29.1 Energy Conversion Devices Revenues 5-120

5.29.2 Energy Conversion Devices 1.87 Megawatt Uni-Solar Installation on Flanders Expo Hall in Belgium 5-121

5.29.3 Energy Conversion Devices Integrated And Commercial Rooftop Photovoltaics 5-122

5.30 ET Solar 5-125

5.30.1 ET Solar Vertically Integrated Solar Energy 5-126

5.30.2 ET Solar / USE: 5-127

5.31 Evergreen Solar 5-127

5.31.1 Evergreen Solar's Quarterly Loss Widens 5-127

5.31.2 Evergreen Solar String Ribbon™ Solar Panels 5-129

5.32 First Solar 5-130

5.32.1 First Solar Comprehensive Photovoltaic (PV) System Solutions 5-131

5.32.2 PNM Electric Utility, First Solar Contract for 22 Megawatts of Utility Scale Solar Power for New Mexico 5-139

5.32.3 First Solar Competitive Positioning in Thin Film 5-142

5.32.4 First Solar Revenue 5-142

5.32.5 First Solar Partners 5-148

5.32.6 First Solar Strategy 5-149

5.33 G24 5-154

5.33.1 G24I Dye Sensitized Solar Cell Technology Platform 5-156

5.34 GreenWing 5-157

5.35 HelioVolt 5-157

5.36 Hoku Scientific 5-157

5.36.1 Hoku Scientific 5-158

5.37 Honda 5-159

5.37.1 Honda Solar Power 5-160

5.37.2 Honda Soltec 5-164

5.38 JinkoSolar 5-164

5.39 Juwi 5-164

5.40 Kyocera 5-165

5.40.1 Kyocera Solar 5-166

5.40.2 Kyocera Supplies. 40 MW at Large-Scale Solar Power Plants in Spain 5-167

5.41 LDK Solar 5-171

5.41.1 LDK Solar Revenue 5-173

5.41.2 LDK Solar and Q-Cells Continuation of Supply Contract 5-176

5.42 Masdar PV 5-179

5.42.1 Masdar PV Si thin film module 1,4m² 5-181

5.43 MEMC 5-182

5.43.1 MEMC Electronic Materials / SunEdison 5-183

5.43.2 MEMC / SunEdison and Developers Diversified Realty National Rooftop Solar Program. 5-183

5.43.3 MEMC / SunEdison’s REIT Solar Program Power Hosting 5-184

5.44 MiaSolé 5-185

5.44.1 Miasolé Technology Problems Fixed: 5-185

5.44.2 Miasolé Financing & Underwriting 5-188

5.44.3 MiaSolé Commercial Shipments to Multiple Customers 5-189

5.45 Mitsubishi Solar Panels 5-190

5.46 Oerlikon Solar 5-193

5.46.1 Oerlikon Coating 5-193

5.46.2 Oerlikon Coating Business Units / Market Areas / Applications 5-195

5.47 Petra Solar 5-195

5.48 PNM 5-196

5.49 Q Cells 5-196

5.49.1 Q-Cells Revenue Development 5-201

5.50 Ranking Solar 5-203

5.51 Samsung 5-204

5.52 Sanyo 5-204

5.53 Scatec Solar 5-205

5.53.1 Scatec Solar Engaging In Rural Electrification In Emerging Markets 5-208

5.54 Schott 5-208

5.54.1 Schott Business 5-209

5.55 Schott 5-210

5.55.1 Schott Electronic Packaging Gmbh 5-215

5.55.2 Schott Ag Flat Glass 5-217

5.56 SEIA: 5-219

5.57 Sharp 5-220

5.57.1 Sharp LCD 5-220

5.57.2 Sharp Solar Cell Plant 5-221

5.57.3 Sharp Thin-Film Solar Cell Facilities 5-222

5.57.4 Sharp Revenue 5-223

5.58 Shell Oil 5-225

5.59 Siemens 5-228

5.59.1 Siemens Business Areas 5-231

5.59.2 Siemens Steam Turbine-Generator to England – Delivery Scheduled In 13 Months 5-234

5.59.3 Siemens Energy Sector 5-237

5.59.4 Siemens Revenue 5-237

5.59.5 Siemens’ Worldwide Network 5-238

5.60 Solar Energy Initiatives 5-240

5.61 Shenzhen Sunshine Electronics 5-241

5.62 Singulus Technologies 5-247

5.63 SMA Solar Technology AG 5-247

5.64 SMA Solar 5-248

5.65 Solyndra 5-249

5.65.1 Solyndra: 1.9 MW Project Installed 5-250

5.66 Staples (SPLS) 5-251

5.67 Solarfun 5-252

5.67.1 Solarfun Third Quarter 2009 Revenue 5-253

5.67.2 Solarfun Revenue First Quarter 2009 5-254

5.67.3 Solarfun PV Module Contracts Total 12.65 MW in China 5-255

5.67.4 Solarfun 2010 Capacity Expansion 5-256

5.67.5 Solarfun to Build 100MW Solar Power Plant in Jiayuguan City, Gansu Province 5-256

5.68 Solar Fusion Power 5-257

5.69 SolarWorld 5-259

5.69.1 Solar World Revenue 5-260

5.69.2 SolarWorld’s Sun Modules 5-262

5.69.3 Solar World Revenues 5-263

5.70 Sun Fields Europe 5-267

5.71 SolFocus 5-267

5.71.1 SolFocus GreenWing Energy Has Agreement with Utility Scale Deployments of Concentrator Photovoltaic (CPV) Systems 5-267

5.71.2 SolFocus Raises over $77 Million 5-269

5.72 Stirling Solar 5-271

5.73 Suniva Inc. 5-271

5.74 SunTech 5-272

5.75 SunPower 5-278

5.75.1 SunPower Revenue 5-279

5.75.2 SunPower Revenue 5-281

5.75.3 SunPower Acquires SunRay 5-281

5.76 Telio Solar / Telconord - Agencia de Energías Renovables 5-282

5.77 Tianwei 5-283

5.78 Trina Solar 5-283

5.78.1 Trina Solar Photovoltaics (PV) Modules 5-284

5.78.2 Trina Solar Net Revenues 5-286

5.78.3 Trina Solar Customers 5-287

5.78.4 Trina Solar Production Process 5-287

5.79 United Technologies / SolarReserve 5-289

5.79.1 United Technologies 5-290

5.79.2 United Technologies / Hamilton Sundstrand 5-293

5.79.3 Hamilton Sundstrand Technologically Advanced Aerospace And Industrial Products 5-295

5.79.4 United Technologies Revenue 5-297

5.80 Yingli 5-299

5.80.1 Yingli Green Energy Revenue 5-299

5.80.2 Yingli Addresses U.S. Solar Market 5-300

5.81 Xinjiang Goldwind 5-301

5.82 Solar Energy Dealers 5-302

5.83 Solar Energy Companies 5-304

5.83.1 Top 10 Solar Panel Manufacturers in USA 5-311

5.83.2 Solar Companies 5-312



List of Tables



Utility Scale Solar Executive Summary

Table ES-1 ES-2

Solar Energy Market Driving Forces

Figure ES-2 ES-3

Solar Energy Utility Panel Shipments Market Shares,

Worldwide, Dollars, 2009

Figure ES-3 ES-5

Solar Panel Utility Photovoltaic Market Forecasts,

Worldwide, Dollars, 2010-2016

Figure ES-4 ES-7

Molten Salt Storage Receiver Market Forecasts Dollars,

Worldwide, 2010-2016

Utility Scale Solar Market Description And Market Dynamics

Figure 1-1 1-1

Large-Scale Photovoltaic Power Plants

Table 1-2 1-2

Large Utility Solar Plants

Figure 1-3 1-3

Largest Solar Plants

Figure 1-4 1-4

Germany, Turnow-Preilack 54MW

Table 1-5 1-4

Solar Plants Under Construction Germany, Straßkirchen

Figure 1-6 1-5

Spain, Puertollano 50MW

Figure 1-7 1-5

Portugal, Moura (Alentejo) 46MW

Figure 1-8 1-6

Germany, Brandis 40MW

Figure 1-9 1-6

Spain, Trujillo (Cáceres) 35MW

Figure 1-10 1-7

Spain, Arnedo (La Rioja) 34MW

Figure 1-11 1-8

Spain, Merida (Extremadura) 30 MW

Figure 1-12 1-9

Spain, Casas de Los Pinos (Castila-La Mancha) 28MW

Figure 1-13 1-9

Spain, Fuente Álamo (Murcia) 26MW

Figure 1-14 1-10

Italy, Montalto di Castro (Lazio) 24MW

Figure 1-15 1-11

Korea, Sinan 24MW

Figure 1-16 1-11

Spain, Lucainena de las Torres (Almeria) 23.2 MW

Figure 1-17 1-12

Spain, Abertura (Caceres) 23.1 MW

Figure 1-18 1-12

Spain, Almaraz (Caceres) 22.06

Figure 1-19 1-13

Spain, El Coronil (Andalucia) 21.47

Figure 1-20 1-13

Spain, Calavéron 21.2 MW

Figure 1-21 1-14

Korea, Seoul 20 MW

Figure 1-22 1-14

Spain, Calasparra (Murcia) 20 MW

Figure 1-23 1-15

Spain, Beneixama (Alicante) 20MW

Figure 1-24 1-16

Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems

Figure 1-25 1-18

Average Solar Irradiance

Figure 1-26 1-20

Regional Power Output Levels Per kw Of Generation

Using GE Solar Electric Power Systems

Figure 1-27 1-21

Solar Covered Roof

Table 1-28 1-22

Solar Energy Generated as a Function of Installation Type

Figure 1-29 1-23

Alternative Siteing of Solar Panels

Figure 1-30 1-24

Arizona Springerville Generating Station Solar System21-

Acre Field Of PV Panels

Figure 1-31 1-25

PV In Standalone Devices Solar Parking Meter

Figure 1-32 1-26

Public Policy to Encourage Sustainable Economics

Table 1-33 1-27

Sustainable Solar Energy Market Aspects

Figure 1-34 1-28

Australian Government Solar Technology Testing

Figure 1-35 1-30

Germany's Biggest Solar Installation, in Lieberose.

German Tariff Cuts To Solar

Table 1-36 1-36

Building And Construction Market Shifts Around Solar Energy

Table 1-37 1-42

Description Of Solar Services

Utility Scale Solar Market Shares and Market Forecasts

Table 2-1 2-2

Solar Energy Market Driving Forces

Figure 2-2 2-3

Solar Energy Utility Panel Shipments Market Shares, Worldwide, Dollars, 2009

Table 2-3 2-4

Solar Utility Panels Shipments Market Shares, Worldwide, Dollars, 2009

Figure 2-4 2-11

Suntech Solar Cells

Table 2-5 2-15

Q-Cells CIGS Module Positioning

Figure 2-6 2-17

Solar Panel Utility Photovoltaic Market Forecasts, Worldwide, Dollars, 2010-2016

Figure 2-7 2-18

Utility Solar Panel Photovoltaic Market Forecasts, Worldwide, Units, 2010-2016

Table 2-8 2-19

Photovoltaic Solar Panel Utility Market Forecasts, Units and Dollars, 2010-2016

Figure 2-9 2-27

Molten Salt Storage Receiver Market Forecasts Dollars, Worldwide, 2010-2016

Table 2-10 2-28

Solar Power Thermal Market Shipment Forecasts, Molten Salt Storage Units and Dollars, Worldwide, 2010-2016

Table 2-11 2-29

Solar Power Thermal Market Shipment Forecasts, Molten Salt Storage Units, Worldwide, 2010-2016

Table 2-12 2-33

Solar Energy Market Competitive Strengths

Figure 2-13 2-35

First Solar Module Roadmap to Grid Parity

Figure 2-14 2-37

Photovoltaic Solar Gigawatts Installed Forecasts, Worldwide, Megawatts, 2010-2016

Figure 2-15 2-38

Photovoltaic Solar Megawatts Shipped Forecasts, Worldwide, Megawatts, 2010-2016

Figure 2-16 2-39

Dollars per Kilowatt Hour Solar Shipment When Looked At Over 25 Years Forecasts, Worldwide,

Dollars, 2010-2016

Figure 2-17 2-40

Photovoltaic Percent Advantage Solar Panel Amortized Costs vs. Retail Grid Electricity Prices to Customers,

Return on Investment, 25 Year Life, Market Forecasts, Percent, Worldwide, 2010-2016

Table 2-18 2-41

Solar Photovoltaic Dollars per Megawatt per 25 Year Expected Life of Equipment Shipments, Worldwide, 2009-2016

Table 2-19 2-42

Solar Photovoltaic Dollars per Megawatt per Year Over Useful Life of Equipment Shipments, Worldwide, 2009-2016

Figure 2-20 2-43

Photovoltaic Solar Grid Parity Electricity Costs Market Forecasts, Dollars, Worldwide, 2010-2016

Figure 2-21 2-44

Price Parity for Sustainable Markets

Figure 2-22 2-47

MiaSole CIGS Thin Film Solar Panel

Figure 2-23 2-49

First Solar Sustainable Cost Transition Through Technology and Automated Process

Table 2-24 2-50

Solar Energy Conversion Efficiency

Table 2-24 (Continued) 2-51

Solar Energy Conversion Efficiency

Table 2-24 (Continued) 2-52

Solar Energy Conversion Efficiency

Table 2-25 2-54

Solar Energy Megawatts Shipped

Table 2-26 2-55

Solar Energy Concentrated Molten Salt Storage Installed

Megawatts Market Forecasts

Units and Dollars, Worldwide, 2010-2016

Figure 2-27 2-56

kWh Comparison at Installation Site Operated by Desert

Knowledge Australia Solar Centre

Figure 2-28 2-58

Capital Cost per Watt

Figure 2-29 2-59

Solar Panel Sustainable Competitive Cost Advantage

Targets, $ per Watt

Table 2-30 2-60

Molten Salt Solar Energy Storage Market Driving Forces

Figure 2-31 2-63

Solar Power Steam Generator Market Shares, 2009

Table 2-32 2-64

Solar Power Steam Generator Market Shares, 2009

Figure 2-33 2-65

Siemens Steam Turbine

Figure 2-34 2-68

Solar Collector Assembly

Table 2-35 2-70

Selected Steam Generator Vendors

Figure 2-36 2-72

Installed Concentrated Solar Energy Market Forecasts

Gigawatts, Worldwide, 2010-2016

Table 2-37 2-73

Solar Energy Concentrated Molten Salt Storage Installed

Megawatts Market Forecasts

Units and Dollars, Worldwide, 2010-2016

Table 2-38 2-74

Steam Generator Installed Base Units Market 2-

Forecasts Units and Dollars, Worldwide, 2010-2016

Figure 2-39 2-77

Photovoltaic Solar Panel Installed Capacity European

Market Segments, Megawatts, 2009

Table 2-40 2-78

Photovoltaic Solar Panel Installed Capacity European

Market Segments, Megawatts, 2009

Figure 2-41 2-78

Solar Regional Segment Revenue, Dollars, 2009

Table 2-42 2-79

Solar Regional Market Segments, Dollars, 2009

Figure 2-43 2-80

Solar World Regional Revenue

Figure 2-44 2-81

Solar World Regional Revenue

Figure 2-45 2-84

US PV Demand Buildup by State, 2008-2012

Figure 2-46 2-85

Industry Demand Forecast By Country

Figure 2-47 2-88

Regional Growth Opportunities

Figure 2-48 2-90

Public Policies Driving Solar Transition Markets

Figure 2-49 2-97

German Solar Panel Installation

Table 2-50 2-101

Germany's Largest Photovoltaic (PV) Power Plants

Figure 2-51 2-110

Mainland China Solar Positioning

Figure 2-52 2-113

Solar Emerging Markets

Figure 2-53 2-115

Solar Industry Outlook

Figure 2-54 2-117

Canadian Solar Geographical Segmentation

Utility Scale Solar Product Description

Figure 3-1 3-3

First Solar Utility Project Profiles

Figure 3-2 3-4

First Solar Large Installations

Figure 3-3 3-5

First Solar US Utility Market

Table 3-4 3-7

Commercial Project Classifications

Figure 3-5 3-8

First Solar Capacity Expansion Plan

Figure 3-6 3-9

First Solar Commercial Projects

Figure 3-6 (Continued) 3-10

First Solar Commercial Projects

Figure 3-7 3-10

First Solar Commercial Rooftops

Figure 3-8 3-11

First Solar Modules

Figure 3-9 3-12

First Solar Modules Manufacturing

Figure 3-10 3-13

First Solar Installations

Figure 3-11 3-16

Trina Solar $/kWh

Figure 3-12 3-18

Trina Solar Australian Daily Solar Output by Month - Average.

Table 3-13 3-20

Trina Solar Product Benefits

Table 3-14 3-21

Trina Solar Product Features

Table 3-14 (Continued) 3-22

Trina Solar Product Features

Table 3-15 3-23

Trina Solar Products

Table 3-15 (Continued) 3-24

Trina Solar Products

Figure 3-16 3-26

Trina Solar Modules

Figure 3-17 3-27

Trina Solar Commercial Installations

Figure 3-17 (Continued) 3-28

Trina Solar Commercial Installations

Figure 3-17 (Continued) 3-29

Trina Solar Commercial Installations

Figure 3-17 (Continued) 3-30

Trina Solar Commercial Installations

Figure 3-17 (Continued) 3-31

Trina Solar Commercial Installations

Figure 3-17 (Continued) 3-32

Trina Solar Commercial Installations

Figure 3-17 (Continued) 3-33

Trina Solar Commercial Installations

Table 3-18 3-34

Examples of the Enereco Trina Solar Projects

Table 3-19 3-35

Examples of Trina Solar Gestamp Asetym and Other Solar Projects

Figure 3-20 3-38

Trina Solar Commercial Installations

Figure 3-20 (Continued) 3-39

Trina Solar Commercial Installations

Figure 3-20 (Continued) 3-40

Trina Solar Commercial Installations

Figure 3-21 3-41

Trina Solar Onnuri PV Plant Naju Korea

Figure 3-22 3-42

Trina Solar Utility Installations

Figue 3-23 3-43

Kyocera Avanzalia Has Inaugurated Two New Spanish Solar Power Plants

Figure 3-24 3-45

Kyocera Planta Solar de Don Quijote

Figure 3-25 3-46

Sharp Utility Solar Installation

Table 3-26 3-47

Sharp Solar Products

Table 3-27 3-49

Sharp Utility-Scale Solar Modules

Figure 3-27 3-50

Sharp Utility Scale Solar Installation

Table 3-28 3-58

Suntech Pluto™ Cell Technology Key Features

Figure 3-29 3-59

Scatec Solar Grid Connected Installation

Table 3-30 3-60

Scatec Solar Utility Project Development Phase

Table 3-31 3-61

Scatec Solar Utility Ground-Based Power Plant Components

Figure 3-32 3-68

Abengoa SA Solar Positioning

Figure 3-33 3-70

Abengoa SA Solar Parabolic Trough

Figure 3-34 3-71

Abengoa SA Solar Parabolic Trough ISCC

Figure 3-35 3-73

Abengoa SA Solar Parabolic Trough

Figure 3-36 3-74

Abengoa SA Solar Parabolic

Figure 3-37 3-82

BrightSource Energy Mirrors

Figure 3-38 3-83

BrightSource Energy Heliostats

Figure 3-39 3-85

BrightSource Energy Heliostat Control System

Table 3-40 3-86

BrightSource Energy Control System Functions

Table 3-41 3-87

BrightSource Energy Control System Conditions Controlled

Figure 3-42 3-88

BrightSource EnergyTower and Boiler

Figure 3-43 3-89

BrightSource Energy Power Block

Figure 3-44 3-92

Molten Salt As Solar Heat Battery

Figure 3-45 3-99

Siemens Solar-Thermal Power Plant: Putting the Desert to Use

Figure 3-46 3-100

Siemens Turbines for Solar Thermal Parabolic Trough

Table 3-47 3-106

Siemens CSP Solar Receiver (Universal Vacuum Air Collector UVAC 2010) Features

Figure 3-48 3-110

Asahi Glass Solar Curve Factor

Figure 3-49 3-111

Asahi Glass Textured Finish To Solar Panel

Figure 3-50 3-112

GE10 MW Solar Park Caceres, Spain 2008

Utility Scale Solar Technology

Figure 4-1 4-5

Parabolic Trough Collectors Producing Superheated Steam

Table 4-2 4-6

Parabolic trough thermal energy storage technology

Table 4-3 4-12

Thermal Energy Transfers Technical Feasibility

Of The System To A Series Of Heat Exchangers

Figure 4-4 4-20

Cross Section of Typical CIGS Solar Cell

Figure 4-5 4-22

Photovoltaic PV Theoretical Limits

Table 4-6 4-24

Fist Solar Technology Advantages

Figure 4-7 4-25

First Solar Technology Pathways to Improved

Solar Conversion Efficiency

Figure 4-8 4-27

PV Module Technology & Manufacturing

Figure 4-9 4-28

First Solar Top Down Efficiency of CdTe Technology

Figure 4-10 4-29

Bottom Up Efficiency of CdTe

Figure 4-11 4-31

CdTe Capabilities vs. First Solar Requirements

Figure 4-12 4-32

First Solar Comparison of CdTe to Other Technologies

Figure 4-13 4-33

Tuson Arizona Electric Use of Solar Power

Figure 4-14 4-Error! Bookmark not defined.

First Solar Improvements in Module Conversion Efficiencies

Table 4-15 4-35

First Solar Roadmap

Figure 4-16 4-36

First Solar Module CdTe Efficiency Gains vs. Crystalline Silicon >3x

Figure 4-17 4-37

Trina Solar Silicon Technology

Figure 4-18 4-39

SunTech Pluto Technology

Figure 4-19 4-45

Thin Film Panels

Figure 4-20 4-46

Effect of Shading on Solar Panel Efficiency

Utility Scale Solar Company Profiles

Figure 5-1 5-4

Abengoa International Presence

Figure 5-2 5-5

Abengoa Projects in Spain

Figure 5-3 5-6

Abengoa US Projects and Presence

Figure 5-4 5-7

Abengoa Algeria Projects and Presence

Figure 5-5 5-8

Abengoa Algeria Siting

Figure 5-6 5-9

Abengoa Moroco Projects and Presence

Figure 5-7 5-10

Abengoa Moroccan Firm ONE Projects

Table 5-8 5-12

ACCIONA Business Divisions

Figure 5-9 5-40

Asahi Glass Transparent Conductive Film Glass Substrates

Figure 5-10 5-43

Asahi Glass Fuel Cell

Figure 5-11 5-45

AGC Asahi Glass Ecoglass Sun Balance

Figure 5-12 5-47

AGC Asahi Glass Comparison Between Ordinary

Windshield and Coolverre 5-47

Figure 5-13

AGC Asahi Glass Effects of Coolverre

Figure 5-14 5-50

Asahi Glass Revenue

Figure 5-15 5-51

Asahi Glass Sales Ratios

Figure 5-16 5-53

AGC Asahi Glass New Glass Products

Figure 5-17 5-54

AGC Asahi Glass New Glass Products

Figure 5-18 5-55

Asahi Glass Segments

Figure 5-19 5-56

Asahi Glass Sales

Figure 5-20 5-57

Asahi Glass Performance Trends

Figure 5-21 5-58

Asahi Glass Growth Positioning

Figure 5-22 5-59

Asahi Glass Production Technologies

Figure 5-23 5-86

Directed Vapor Technology

Figure 5-24 5-88

DuPont Photovoltaic Encapsulant Functions

Figure 5-25 5-89

DuPont Photovoltaic Encapsulants

Table 5-26 5-91

DuPont Kapton® Features:

Table 5-27 5-92

DuPont Technical Data for Standard Kapton® Polyimide Film

Table 5-28 5-93

DuPont Teonex

Table 5-29 5-99

Hitachi Industrial Systems

Table 5-29 (Continued) 5-100

Hitachi Industrial Systems

Table 5-30 5-101

Hitachi Large Generator Positioning

Table 5-31 5-101

Hitachi Product Positioning

Table 5-32 5-107

Canadian Solar Investment Highlights

Figure 5-33 5-123

Energy Conversion Devices Flanders Expo – Gent Facility

Table 5-34 5-124

Uni-Solar Manufacturing Facilities:

Figure 5-35 5-125

ET Solar Group

Figure 5-36 5-130

First Solar Headquarters

Figure 5-37 5-132

First Solar Key Messages

Figure 5-38 5-133

First Solar Research

Figure 5-39 5-133

First Solar Design

Figure 5-40 5-134

First Solar Factory Runrate

Figure 5-41 5-135

First Solar Modules Manufacturing

Figure 5-42 5-136

First Solar European Business Model

Figure 5-43 5-137

First Solar US Business Model

Figure 5-44 5-138

First Solar US Utility Business Model

Figure 5-45 5-141

First Solar Utility Market Progress

Table 5-46 5-142

First Solar Competitive Positioning in Thin Film

Figure 5-47 5-144

First Solar 2010 Guidance Overview

Figure 5-48 5-145

First Solar Contracted Pipeline in Gigawatts

Figure 5-49 5-146

First Solar Pipeline Growth

Figure 5-50 5-148

First Solar Partners

Figure 5-51 5-149

First Solar Sustainable Cost Advantage Through Technology

Figure 5-52 5-150

First Solar Technology Cost Advantage

Figure 5-53 5-151

First Solar Technology Value

Figure 5-54 5-152

First Solar Sustainable Cost Advantage Technology

and Industry Model Migration

Figure 5-55 5-153

First Solar Sustainable Economic Advantage Through Technology

Figure 5-56 5-154

G24 Module Research

Table 5-57 5-155

G24 World Class Dye Sensitized Solar Cell Technology

DSSC Manufacturing Operation:

Table 5-58 5-156

G24I Dye Sensitized Solar Cell Technology Platform Functions

Figure 5-59 5-168

Kyocera Sales By Segment

Figure 5-60 5-169

Kyocera Sales by Region

Figure 5-61 5-170

Kyocera Sales Trends

Table 5-62 5-187

Miasolé Technology Problems Fixed:

Table 5-63 5-194

Oerlikon Coating Core Competencies

Figure 5-64 5-203

Q-Cells Regional Segments

Figure 5-65 5-209

Schott Sales By Region

Figure 5-66 5-211

Schott Products Glass-to-Metal-Seals and

Ceramic-to-Metal-Seals

Figure 5-67 5-212

Schott Automotive Glass

Figure 5-68 5-212

Schott Defense Seals

Figure 5-69 5-212

Schott Industry Special Products

Figure 5-69 (Continued) 5-213

Schott Industry Special Products

- Figure 5-69 (Continued) 5-214

Schott Industry Special Products

Table 5-70 5-215

Schott Electronic Packaging Product Benefits:

Figure 5-71 5-216

Schott A Flexible Glass Fiber Light Guides

Transmit The Light

Figure 5-72 5-218

Schott Ultra thin Glass Flexible Substrates

Figure 5-73 5-224

Sharp Revenue

Figure 5-74 5-224

Sharp Sales By Product Group

Table 5-75 5-231

Siemens Business Areas

Table 5-75 (Continued) 5-232

Siemens Business Areas

Table 5-76 5-233

Siemens Industrial Portals

Figure 5-77 5-234

Siemens Generator Turbine

Figure 5-78 5-241

Shenzhen Sunshine Electronics

Figure 5-79 5-243

Shenzhen Sunshine Electronics Laminating Machine

Figure 5-80 5-244

Shenzhen Sunshine Electronics Factory Line in Shenzhen

Figure 5-81 5-245

Shenzhen Sunshine Electronics Factory in Hubei:

Figure 5-82 5-246

Shenzhen Sunshine Electronics Solar Airport(Taxiway)

Light Passed Test By 'National Center Of Supervision &

Inspection On Electric Light Source Quality (Shanghai)'Nov.28,2008

Figure 5-83 5-260

Solar World Revenue

Figure 5-84 5-262

SolarWorld Group Headquarters

Figure 5-85 5-274

Suntech 2009 Revenue Q3

Figure 5-86 5-276

SunTech Mainland China Activities

Figure 5-87 5-277

SunTech North American Activities

Table 5-88 5-292

United Technologies Operating Segments

Figure 5-89 5-304

First Solar Sales Channels


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